Category Archives: Croatan (Later Lumbee)

The Croatan Indians of Sampson County, North Carolina. Their Origin and Racial Status. A Plea for Separate Schools.

In 1916, the Croatan Indians of Sampson County issued a plea for an Indian School for their children as had been provided in Robeson County.  This document is preserved today in the Documenting the American South collection, and includes significant … Continue reading

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Alfred Wilkins, The Old Indian

One of our subscribers, John, send me some family information about Alfred Wilkins.  As it turns out, this family is quite interesting.  These first few paragraphs were provided in the exchange. A manuscript entitled “Walking Upright: The Coharie People of … Continue reading

Posted in Cherokee, Coharie, Croatan (Later Lumbee), Lumbee, Nansemond, Powhatan | 27 Comments

Hamilton McMillan Revisited

Hamilton  McMillan (1837-1916) Hamilton McMillan, a man with a vision, founded UNC Pembroke, originally a school for Indian children and is viewed as the institution’s founding father.  In 1885, Representative Hamilton McMillan of Robeson County, NC, introduced legislation in the North Carolina … Continue reading

Posted in Chowan, Croatan (Later Lumbee), Croatoan, Hatteras, Lumbee, Mattamuskeet, Nottoway, Tuscarora | 2 Comments

William Edward Fitch – Raleigh’s Colony Was Not Lost

Walter Edward Fitch wrote a book in 1913 titled “The First Founders in America, With Facts To Prove That Sir Water Raleigh’s Lost Colony Was Not Lost.” Fitch believed that the Lost Colony was not lost, but had become the … Continue reading

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The Lumbee by Many Other Names

The history of the Lumbee has been a rocky road with their official identity changing from time to time.  This “label crisis” stems from the fact that the early records of the Lumbee fail to unquestionably identify their origins, and … Continue reading

Posted in Cherokee Indians of Robeson County (later Lumbee), Croatan (Later Lumbee), Indians of Robeson County (later Lumbee), Lumbee, Tuscarora | 6 Comments

1887 Croatan Indian Petition Signers

In 1887, the Croatan Indians, now the Lumbee, petitioned the state legislature to establish a normal school to train Indian teachers for the county’s tribal schools. With state permission, they raised the requisite funds, along with some state assistance, which … Continue reading

Posted in Croatan (Later Lumbee), Education, History, Lumbee, North Carolina | 1 Comment

Jacobs Free Issue Death Certificates

Jessie Jacobs. Died 4 March 1914, N. Clinton, Sampson County. Indian. (Colored marked through.) Married. Farmer. Born 9 February 1854, Sampson County, to Arch Jacobs and Tempie Manuel. Buried Honeycutts township. Enos Jacobs. Died 5 October, 1925, Honeycutts, Sampson County. … Continue reading

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