New Native American Mitochondrial DNA Haplogroup, A4, Discovered

The genetic community continues to learn more about the genesis of our Native ancestors.  A couple of years ago, I suspected that a maternal DNA haplogroup, or clan, that had previously been designated as Asian was found both in European and Native American populations as subgroups.

We have enough participation in DNA projects now to work with these kinds of questions.

The results were not quite what I expected.  The group I thought was going to be Native, was not, but instead we found another group that was.  There are still a couple of other subgroups that are likely Native as well.  A very interesting picture of haplogroup A4 has emerged.

For those interested, I published the results in the article, “Haplogroup A4 Unpeeled – European, Jewish, Asian and Native American.”


About Roberta Estes

Scientist, author, genetic genealogist. Documenting Native Heritage through contemporaneous records and DNA.
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4 Responses to New Native American Mitochondrial DNA Haplogroup, A4, Discovered

  1. Lori says:

    I have a Blood test from the American Red Cross …..this is what it said HLA-A2, HLA-A25, HLA-B18, HLA-B38…….HLA-Bw-4, HLA-Bw6……….What does it all mean? I am white and Shawnee, and Saponi…….I did an Ancestry DNA test and it was all messed up….It even came out that I was 6% Other…..What is other?

    • Other means they couldn’t place you. HLA is medical and I’m not a physician.

      • Lori. says:

        Thanks for the info. The American Red Cross said that the A2 and the B38 were considered to be Native American and to some extent European Haplo groups……But when I did the Ancestry DNA I was really confused. And then when I came back 6% Other….I was really mad. How does a person have a DNA that they cant find? I am going to try the Family Tree DNA that you suggest. The Ancestry DNA Test isn’t worth your money or time. Unless you are looking for someone.

      • All ethnicity tests are estimates and you are matched against reference panels. Every vendor does it differently.

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