Category Archives: Lumbee

Hyde County, NC Indian Families in 1850

A friend was looking through the Hyde County, NC, 1850 census and noticed something quite interesting. On page 4 (at Ancestry.com) of the Currituck district, one entire page (except one person) is shown with M, for mulatto, overwritten over something … Continue reading

Posted in Algonquian, Bare River Indians, Bay River Indians, Catatkpncy, Cherokee, Chowan, Coree, DNA, Hatteras, Lumbee, Machapunga, Mattamuskeet, Meherrin, North Carolina, Pamplico, Peedee, Reservation, Tuscarora, Waccamaw, Weyanoke, Woccon, Wynganditoian, Yawpim, Yeopim | 33 Comments

Native American DNA Projects

I’m often asked about DNA projects at Family Tree DNA that are for or include Native American or aboriginal DNA results.  Please note that different project administrators have different criteria for admission to a project.  Some require definitive proof of descent, some require … Continue reading

Posted in Aboriginal, Acadian, Algonquian, Cherokee, DNA, Lumbee, Micmac, Piscataway, Shawnee, Tuscarora, Waccamaw | 7 Comments

The Day the KKK Visited the Lumbee

Some days, thing just don’t go as you have planned.  That’s exactly what happened to one James “Catfish” Cole, the Grand Dragon of the KKK in South Carolina in January 1958. Cole, having just embarrassed himself in late 1957 in … Continue reading

Posted in Lumbee | 4 Comments

The Lost Colony and Pelzer, SC

The Community of Pelzer Historical Society (CPHS) has graciously allowed us to reprint an article that appeared on their website in January of 2010.  Please take a few minutes to visit their website at http://www.historicpelzer.org and if you’d like more … Continue reading

Posted in Croatoan, Keyauwee, Lost Colony, Lumbee | 4 Comments

Indian by Birth: The Lumbee Dialect

In the 1880s, Hamilton McMillan claimed that the Lumbee descended from Sir Walter Raleigh’s Lost Colony, abandoned on Roanoke Island in 1587.  One of the pieces of evidence to support that allegation is that the language of the Lumbee held … Continue reading

Posted in Lumbee | 1 Comment

Alfred Wilkins, The Old Indian

One of our subscribers, John, send me some family information about Alfred Wilkins.  As it turns out, this family is quite interesting.  These first few paragraphs were provided in the exchange. A manuscript entitled “Walking Upright: The Coharie People of … Continue reading

Posted in Cherokee, Coharie, Croatan (Later Lumbee), Lumbee, Nansemond, Powhatan | 28 Comments

Hamilton McMillan Revisited

Hamilton  McMillan (1837-1916) Hamilton McMillan, a man with a vision, founded UNC Pembroke, originally a school for Indian children and is viewed as the institution’s founding father.  In 1885, Representative Hamilton McMillan of Robeson County, NC, introduced legislation in the North Carolina … Continue reading

Posted in Chowan, Croatan (Later Lumbee), Croatoan, Hatteras, Lumbee, Mattamuskeet, Nottoway, Tuscarora | 2 Comments

William Edward Fitch – Raleigh’s Colony Was Not Lost

Walter Edward Fitch wrote a book in 1913 titled “The First Founders in America, With Facts To Prove That Sir Water Raleigh’s Lost Colony Was Not Lost.” Fitch believed that the Lost Colony was not lost, but had become the … Continue reading

Posted in Croatan (Later Lumbee), Lost Colony, Lumbee | Leave a comment

North Carolina Indians

In 1983, The North Carolina Commission on Indian Affairs published a 40 page booklet titled North Carolina Indians.  This booklet is now available for free online and can be downloaded in pdf or text format.  Here’s what they had to say … Continue reading

Posted in Algonquian, Archaic Indians, Catawba, Cherokee, Lumbee, Mississippian, North Carolina, Paleoindians, Woodland Indians | 7 Comments

The Lumbee by Many Other Names

The history of the Lumbee has been a rocky road with their official identity changing from time to time.  This “label crisis” stems from the fact that the early records of the Lumbee fail to unquestionably identify their origins, and … Continue reading

Posted in Cherokee Indians of Robeson County (later Lumbee), Croatan (Later Lumbee), Indians of Robeson County (later Lumbee), Lumbee, Tuscarora | 8 Comments