The Métis people originated in the 1700s when French and Scottish fur traders married Aboriginal women, such as the Cree, and Anishinabe (Ojibway). Their descendants formed a distinct culture, collective consciousness and nationhood in the Canadian Northwest.
Distinct Métis communities developed along the fur trade routes. This Métis Nation Homeland includes the three Prairie Provinces (Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta), as well as, parts of Ontario, British Columbia, the Northwest Territories and the Northern United States.
The Métis Nation grew into a distinct culture and became a people in the Northwest prior to that territory becoming part of Canada.
The Métis are one of the “Aboriginal peoples of Canada.” To read more about the Metis, click here and note the family history and genealogy section.
In recent years there has been a renewed interest in the settlements awarded by the federal government of Canada to the Métis inhabitants of Manitoba and the former North-West Territories. The records created by the scrip commissions, and the Department of the Interior in its administration of federal land policies, are now consulted by a wide range of users. The records have become particularly important, however, in two key areas: in the debate surrounding Métis allegations into the mishandling of their rights, as an Aboriginal people, by the federal government; and in family histories, especially with those seeking re-instatement under the Indian Act.
The good news is that more than 24,000 of these records have recently been brought online.
What are scrip records and where did the people who received scrip live? This article explains further about scrip records.