Painting above: Yumas. In: “United States and Mexican Boundary Survey. Report of William H. Emory…” Washington. 1857. Volume I.
In 1871, a document titled “Resources of Arizona Territory with a Description of the Indian Tribes; Ancient Ruins, Cochise, Apache Chief; Antonio, Pima Chief; Stage and Wagon Roads; Trade and Commerce, Etc.” was published by the authority of the Legislature. In a section titled “Indians of Arizona,” it tells us the following:
The Yumas and Mohaves live along the Colorado River, are and have been for some time at peace with the whites and have received the largest portion of the appropriation made annually for the benefit of the friendly Indians of this Territory. They have received just enough assistance from the government to cause them to believe that they can live without work, but too little to keep off the gnawings of hunger. The results is that they are reduced to the lowest stages of degradation. Licentiousness and disease are doing their work, and soon these Indians will pass away from the face of the earth.
Charley-Arri-Wa-Wa (Mohave), 1872
Note: Today the Yuma are known as the Quechan people.