Carlisle Student Records Location Analysis – Part 3 of 3 – North Dakota through Wyoming

This is the third of 3 articles including the state by state and tribe by tribe analysis of the student locations who attended the Carlisle Indian School in Carlisle, Pa.  This groups includes the states of North Dakota through Wyoming.  A total of 42 states are represented, also some states such as Georgia, Maine and Florida only have a handful of students.

The post populat states are Washington State, New York and Oklahoma.  The Dakotas along with Montana also represent another large pool of students.

In terms of the number of tribes represented, clearly, Oklahoma leads the way.  Oklahoma was the old Indian Territory where all the tribes were “settled,” so one would expect to find remnants of all the tribes who were removed to Indian Territory.  A total of 52 different tribes of 146 represented in the student population are found in Oklahoma.  In the West, Washington is the most populous with 31 tribes represented.  In the East, it’s New York where many tribes were granted reservation land. In the 1700s and 1800s, other tribes from other states including Virgnia and North Carolina joined the tribes in New York and on into Canada.  New York had 43 different tribes represented.

North and South Dakota along with neighbor Montana were a somewhat different situation.  While they only had about 25 tribes represented, they had a very large number of students.  The Sioux was the second largest student population in the school, second only to the Chippewa.  Both the Sioux and the Chippewa were found in a widely dispersed area, far moreso than would have been expected.  For example, the Sioux, a northern plains tribe, was found in Arizona, California, Idaho, Illinois, Montana, Minnesota, Nebraska, New York, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Washington and Wisconsin.

The message here seems to be that Indians traveled, moved and visited a lot more than we think they did – and sometimes covered vast distances, but kept their original tribal designation.  We find them where we don’t think they should be, based on the location(s) of their home tribes.  So no matter what, we can think, we can hypothesize, we can ponder,  but we can never, ever assume.

Tribe ND NM NE NJ NY NC ND
Tuscarora x
Abanke x x
Alaskan x
Aleute
Algonquin
Allegheny x
Anadarko x
Allegheny x
Apache x x x x
Arapahoe x
Arickara x
Arickaree x
Assiniboine x
Bannock
Blackfeet
Blue Hill
Caddo x x
Catawba
Cayuga x
Cayuse
Chamita x
Checto
Chehalis
Chelan
Cherokee x x x
Cheyenne x x
Chickasaw
Chinook
Chippewa x x x x x
Choctaw
Clallam
Coeur d’Alene
Colville
Comanche
Concow
Coos Bay
Coquell
Covelo
Cowlitz
Creek
Crow x x
Delaware x
Digger x
Elkek
Flathead
Gros Ventre x x
Hoopa
Hopi
Iowa x
Iroquois x x
K
Kalispell
Kaw
Kickapoo
Kilckita
Kiowa x x
Klamath x
Kooenai
Limi
Lipan
Little Lake
Little Rock
Lum(n)i
Madoc e
Mandan x
Maricopa
Mashpee
Menominee x
Miami
Micmac
Mission x x
Modoc
Mohawk x
Mojave
Munsee x
Narragansett
Navajo x
Nez Perce x x
Nome Lake
Nooksack
Ojibway
Okanogan
Omaha x x
Onadago x
Oneida x x x
Onondaga x x x
Opinagon
Osage x x
Otoe
Ottawa x
Paiute
Pamunkey
Papago
Pawnee
Pend d’Oreille
Penobscot
Peoria
Piegan x
Pima
Pitt River
Pokanoket
Pokanot
Pomo
Ponca x
Potawatomi x
Pueblo x x
Puyallup
Quapaw
Queres x
Sac & Fox x x
Samsean
Sanpoil
Seminole
Seneca x x x x
Ser(r)anao
Shawnee
Shebit x
Sheyennek
Shinnecock x
Shoshone x x
Siletz
Sioux x x x x x
Six
Skagit
Skokomish
Spokane x
Stockbridge
Summie
Towakoni
Ukiah or Pomo
Umatilla
Umpqua
Ute
Walla Walla
Washoe
Wichita x x
Winnebago x x x
Wishashan
Wyandote
Yakima
Ylack
Yuma x
Yuma/Apache x
Tribe NV OK OR PA RI SC SD
Tuscarora x x
Abanke
Alaskan x x x
Aleute
Algonquin
Allegheny
Anadarko
Allegheny
Apache x x x
Arapahoe x
Arickara x
Arickaree
Assiniboine x x
Bannock
Blackfeet
Blue Hill x
Caddo x
Catawba x
Cayuga
Cayuse x
Chamita
Checto x
Chehalis
Chelan
Cherokee x
Cheyenne x x x
Chickasaw x
Chinook x
Chippewa x x
Choctaw x x
Clallam
Coeur d’Alene
Colville
Comanche x
Concow
Coos Bay x
Coquell x
Covelo
Cowlitz
Creek x x
Crow x
Delaware x
Digger x
Elkek
Flathead
Gros Ventre x x
Hoopa
Hopi
Iowa
Iroquois
K x
Kalispell
Kaw x
Kickapoo x
Kilckita
Kiowa x
Klamath x x
Kooenai
Limi
Lipan x
Little Lake
Little Rock
Lum(n)i
Madoc
Mandan x
Maricopa
Mashpee
Menominee x
Miami x
Micmac x
Mission
Modoc x x
Mohawk x x x
Mojave
Munsee
Narragansett x
Navajo
Nez Perce x x
Nome Lake
Nooksack
Ojibway
Okanogan
Omaha
Onadago
Oneida x
Onondaga x
Opinagon
Osage x
Otoe x
Ottawa x x
Paiute x x
Pamunkey
Papago
Pawnee x x
Pend d’Oreille
Penobscot x
Peoria x
Piegan x
Pima
Pitt River x
Pokanoket
Pokanot
Pomo
Ponca x
Potawatomi x
Pueblo x x
Puyallup
Quapaw x
Queres
Sac & Fox x
Samsean
Sanpoil
Seminole x
Seneca x x x
Ser(r)anao
Shawnee x
Shebit
Sheyennek x
Shinnecock
Shoshone x
Siletz x
Sioux x x
Six
Skagit
Skokomish
Spokane
Stockbridge x
Summie
Towakoni
Tsimpshean/Alaskan
Ukiah or Pomo
Umatilla x x
Umpqua x
Ute
Walla Walla x
Washoe x x
Wichita x
Winnebago x x
Wishashan
Wyandote x
Yakima
Ylack x
Yuma
Yuma/Apache
Tribe TX UT VA WI WA WY
Tuscarora x
Abanke
Alaskan x
Aleute
Algonquin
Allegheny
Anadarko
Allegheny
Apache
Arapahoe x
Arickara
Arickaree
Assiniboine
Bannock
Blackfeet
Blue Hill
Caddo x
Catawba
Cayuga
Cayuse x
Chamita
Checto
Chehalis x
Chelan x
Cherokee x
Cheyenne x x x
Chickasaw
Chinook x
Chippewa x x
Choctaw
Clallam x
Coeur d’Alene x
Colville x
Comanche
Concow
Coos Bay
Coquell
Covelo
Cowlitz x
Creek x
Crow x
Delaware
Digger
Elkek
Flathead
Gros Ventre x
Hoopa
Hopi
Iowa
Iroquois
K
Kalispell
Kaw
Kickapoo
Kilckita
Kiowa
Klamath
Kooenai
Limi x
Lipan
Little Lake
Little Rock
Lum(n)i x
Madoc
Mandan
Maricopa
Mashpee
Menominee x
Miami
Micmac
Mission
Modoc
Mohawk x
Mojave
Munsee
Narragansett
Navajo
Nez Perce
Nome Lake
Nooksack x
Ojibway x
Okanogan x
Omaha x
Onadago
Oneida x x
Onondaga x
Opinagon x
Osage
Otoe
Ottawa x x
Paiute x
Pamunkey x
Papago
Pawnee x
Pend d’Oreille
Penobscot
Peoria
Piegan
Pima
Pitt River
Pokanoket
Pokanot
Pomo
Ponca
Potawatomi
Pueblo x x
Puyallup x
Quapaw
Queres
Sac & Fox
Samsean x
Sanpoil x
Seminole
Seneca x x
Ser(r)anao x
Shawnee
Shebit x
Sheyennek
Shinnecock
Shoshone x x
Siletz
Sioux x x
Six
Skagit x
Skokomish x
Spokane x
Stockbridge x
Summie x
Towakoni
Ukiah or Pomo
Umatilla x x
Umpqua
Ute x
Walla Walla x
Washoe x
Wichita x
Winnebago x
Wishashan
Wyandote
Yakima x
Ylack
Yuma x
Yuma/Apache
Advertisements

About Roberta Estes

Scientist, author, genetic genealogist. Documenting Native Heritage through contemporaneous records and DNA.
This entry was posted in History. Bookmark the permalink.

2 Responses to Carlisle Student Records Location Analysis – Part 3 of 3 – North Dakota through Wyoming

  1. i am howard e wall jr., my grand-father was born in,back creek,randolph,north carolina 1884. he is on the baker roll of 1924 —james will #3013 wife is nellie will b abt 1883 #3016

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s