Carlisle Student Records Location Analysis – Part 1 of 3 – Arizona to Florida

The Carlisle student records are not only quite valuable individually, especially given that the assignment of some surnames occurred at enrollment, but as a group as well.

In the National Archive records, three pieces of information are given for each student, in addition to their names.  First, their tribe, second the Indian agency they attended through, if applicable and third, the state where they lived.

After working with the nearly 7000 records, I noticed that the tribe and the state were not always what was expected.  After completing a spreadsheet for the students, I sorted by tribe, and by state, and created a summary document.  This is the first of 3 articles dealing with these records.  The tables show all of the tribes listed in the documents on the left side and the states where the tribes are found across the top.  This posting only goes through Florida.

You’ll  notice that some states are absent.  That’s because there were no students from these states. There were only students from where there were tribes, which by the late 1800s means reservations.

There are probably some surprises here.  There may be tribes that you have never heard of before.  You’re in good company.  Me too.  This is what we call a “teachable moment”:)

There are also other surprises.  For example if you look down the column for Arizona, you’ll see several tribes you would expect to find.  In addition, you find Chippewa, Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Seneca and Sioux.  What were these people from East and Northern Midwestern/Plains tribes doing in Arizona?  And while we’re asking questions, what were the Cheyenne and Oneida doing in Alaska?  Could some of these records have been transcribed incorrectly?  Of course, but probably not great numbers of them.

By the way, I don’t have the answers, just more questions.

Tribe AZ AK AL CA Can CO FL
Tuscarora x
Abanke
Alaskan x x
Aleute x x
Algonquin
Allegheny
Anadarko
Allegheny
Apache x x
Arapahoe
Arickara
Arickaree
Assiniboine
Bannock
Blackfeet
Blue Hill
Caddo x
Catawba
Cayuga
Cayuse
Chamita
Checto
Chehalis
Chelan
Cherokee
Cheyenne x x x
Chickasaw
Chinook
Chippewa x x x
Choctaw
Clallam
Coeur d’Alene
Colville
Comanche
Concow x
Coos Bay
Coquell
Covelo x
Cowlitz
Creek x
Crow
Delaware
Digger x
Elkek x
Flathead
Gros Ventre
Hoopa x
Hopi x
Iowa
Iroquois
K
Kalispell
Kaw
Kickapoo
Kilckita
Kiowa x
Klamath x
Kooenai
Limi
Lipan
Little Lake x
Little Rock x
Lum(n)i
Madoc
Mandan
Maricopa x
Mashpee
Menominee
Miami
Micmac
Mission x x
Modoc x
Mohawk x
Mojave x
Munsee
Narragansett
Navajo x
Nez Perce
Nome Lake x
Nooksack
Ojibway
Okanogan
Omaha x
Onadago
Oneida x x x
Onondaga x x
Opinagon
Osage x
Otoe
Ottawa
Paiute x x
Pamunkey
Papago x
Passamaquoddy
Pawnee
Pend d’Oreille x
Penobscot
Peoria
Piegan
Pima x
Pitt River x
Pokanoket
Pokanot
Pomo x
Ponca x
Potawatomi
Pueblo x
Puyallup
Quapaw
Queres
Sac & Fox
Samsean
Sanpoil
Seminole x x
Seneca x x
Ser(r)anao x
Shawnee
Shebit
Sheyennek
Shinnecock
Shoshone
Siletz
Sioux x x
Six x
Skagit
Skokomish
Spokane
Stockbridge
Summie
Towakoni
Tsimpshean/Alaskan x
Ukiah or Pomo x
Umatilla
Umpqua
Ute
Walla Walla x
Washoe x x
Wichita x
Winnebago
Wishashan x
Wyandote x
Yakima
Ylack
Yuma x
Yuma/Apache
Tribe GA IA ID IL IN KS LA
Tuscarora
Abanke
Alaskan
Aleute
Algonquin
Allegheny
Anadarko
Allegheny
Apache
Arapahoe
Arickara
Arickaree
Assiniboine
Bannock x
Blackfeet
Blue Hill
Caddo
Catawba
Cayuga
Cayuse
Chamita
Checto
Chehalis
Chelan
Cherokee x x x x
Cheyenne
Chickasaw
Chinook
Chippewa x x x x
Choctaw
Clallam
Coeur d’Alene x
Colville
Comanche
Concow
Coos Bay
Coquell
Covelo
Cowlitz
Creek
Crow x
Delaware
Digger
Elkek
Flathead
Gros Ventre
Hoopa
Hopi
Iowa x
Iroquois
K
Kalispell
Kaw
Kickapoo x
Kilckita
Kiowa
Klamath
Kooenai
Limi
Lipan
Little Lake
Little Rock
Lum(n)i
Madoc
Mandan
Maricopa
Mashpee
Menominee
Miami x
Micmac
Mission
Modoc
Mohawk
Mojave
Munsee
Narragansett
Navajo
Nez Perce x
Nome Lake
Nooksack
Ojibway
Okanogan
Omaha
Onadago
Oneida
Onondaga x
Opinagon
Osage
Otoe
Ottawa x
Paiute x
Pamunkey
Papago
Passamaquoddy
Pawnee
Pend d’Oreille
Penobscot
Peoria
Piegan x
Pima
Pitt River
Pokanoket
Pokanot
Pomo
Ponca
Potawatomi x
Pueblo x
Puyallup
Quapaw x
Queres
Sac & Fox x x
Samsean
Sanpoil
Seminole
Seneca x
Ser(r)anao
Shawnee x
Shebit
Sheyennek
Shinnecock
Shoshone x x
Siletz
Sioux x x
Six
Skagit
Skokomish
Spokane
Stockbridge
Summie
Towakoni
Tsimpshean/Alaskan
Ukiah or Pomo
Umatilla
Umpqua
Ute
Walla Walla
Washoe
Wichita
Winnebago
Wishashan
Wyandote
Yakima
Ylack
Yuma
Yuma/Apache
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About Roberta Estes

Scientist, author, genetic genealogist. Documenting Native Heritage through contemporaneous records and DNA.
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