Now that the Indians have dwindled…..

Through a combination of factors such as warfare between tribes, warfare with the settlers, white man’s epidemics and alcohol, the Indian tribes were weakened, then eventually disappeared as tribes.  This sad tale is told in 1688, only 80 years after the first settlement of Jamestown. 

A Study of Virginia Indians and Jamestown: The First Century

http://www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/jame1/moretti-langholtz/chap10a.htm (chapter 10 table link)

Abstracts: Acts of Assembly

Abstracts: Colonial Papers (Library of Virginia)

Abstracts: Correspondence

Abstracts: County Records

Virginia Colonial Records Project (Public Records Office):

James City:

Source Name/ Party Type Date Details
C.O. 5/1357, folios 222-224 Gov. & Council to King James II Letter 1 May 1688 Now that “the Indians have dwindled from a numerous population to a small weak and indigenous one,” the Council requests that the lands on Pamunkey-Neck and the Southside of Black-water be surveyed and occupied by Virginians. Waste lands will be utilized and protect the “weak Indians from attacks from foreign tribes.”
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About Roberta Estes

Scientist, author, genetic genealogist. Documenting Native Heritage through contemporaneous records and DNA.
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