Author Archives: Roberta Estes

About Roberta Estes

Scientist, author, genetic genealogist. Documenting Native Heritage through contemporaneous records and DNA.

1762 Indian Wars – John Martin Family Captured

The “History of the Church of the Brethren” tells us the following about a massacre and kidnapping of white settlers in 1762 in Great Cove in the Juniata Valley of Pennsylvania, by King Beaver and Capt. Shingas, who personally led the … Continue reading

Posted in Delaware, Military, Pennsylvania, Shawnee, Tuscarora | 7 Comments

Jackson Purchase Negotiations with the Chickasaws

This was one of several articles found in an old scrapbook in the 1980s in the library at Tazewell, TN. I copied the entire scrapbook given that I realized many of the articles are of historical significance and the local … Continue reading

Posted in Chickasaw, Treaty | 1 Comment

Horse Shoe Jim, an Indian Chief, Claiborne County, Tennessee

During a visit to Claiborne County, TN is the 1980s, I happened across a scrapbook that had been contributed to the library. Inside the scrapbook were old clippings from the Claiborne Progress Newspaper that related to the residents and includes … Continue reading

Posted in Tennessee | 1 Comment

Further Analysis of Native American DNA Haplogroup C Planned

Haplogroup C is one of two Native American male haplogroups. More specifically, one specific branch of the haplogroup C tree is Native American which is defined by mutation C-P39 (formerly known as C3b).  Ray Banks shows this branch (highlighted in yellow) along … Continue reading

Posted in Canada, Cree, DNA, Miawpukeks, Micmac | 18 Comments

Native American Haplogroup X2a – Solutrean, Hebrew or Beringian?

I was very pleased to see the article, “Does Mitochondrial Haplogroup X Indicate Ancient Trans-Atlantic Migration to the Americas? A Critical Re-Evaluation” by Jennifer Raff and Deborah Bolnick. This is one of those topics that gets brought up over and over … Continue reading

Posted in Algonquian, Anthropology, Anzick, Archaeology, Archaic Indians, Asia, Beothuk, Canada, Chippewa, Clovis, DNA, Europe, History, Jemez, Kennewick Man, Michigan, Micmac, Migration, Montana, Navajo, Ojibwa, Sioux, Solutrean | 6 Comments

Samson Occom, the Presbyterian Mohegan

Born in 1723, Samson was a member of the Mohegan nation from near New London, CT and became a Presbyterian minister.  Occum was the first Native American to publish his writings in English, and also helped found several settlements, including … Continue reading

Posted in Brothertown, Iroquois, Lenape, Mantauk, Mohegan, Mohican, Oneida, Pequot, Six Nations | Leave a comment

First Bible Printed in US is Algonquian

The Elliott Bible, translated into Algonquian by John Elliott,  a Puritan missionary known as the “Apostle to the Indians,” was the first Bible printed in the colonies in 1663 in Cambridge, Massachusetts.  John used this Bible in his missionary efforts. … Continue reading

Posted in Algonquian, Massachusetts | 5 Comments