The Dinwiddie letter to George Washington is in relation to the French and Indian War. Another relevant article is a letter from George Washington himself recruiting the Tuscarora, who are referenced here. Hat tip to Fix for this GenWeb article.
Bertie COUNTY NC History Letter - R. Dinwiddie File contributed for use in USGenWeb Archives by firstname.lastname@example.org Deborah Cavel-Greant Robert Dinwiddie to George Washington, December 27, 1756 Letters to Washington and Accompanying Papers. Published by the Society of the Colonial Dames of America. Edited by Stanislaus Murray Hamilton.--vol. 02 WILLIAMSBURG Decr. 27th: 1756 SIR Yours of the 19th: by Jenkins I recd: last Night & do observe You have ordered the Garisons on the Branch to Perceall's, to escort the Flour to Fort Cumberland. The Provisions lying in Bulk at the different Forts if possible shou'd be Smoked, which wou'd be a great Saving to the Country, & I hope You have ordered it so.--As we have had great Rains lately I hope a sufficient quantity of Flour may be secured, as Mr. Walker told me he & his Assistant had contracted for as much as wou'd serve our Forces twelve Months. The Orders given You at first, were on Capt. Mercer's repeated Assurances of Your having 160 enlisted Men at Winchester, which, with the Servants You mention'd to be enlisted, I conceived You cou'd march 100 Men from Fort Loudoun to Fort Cumberland, but by the Return You write of only 85 Men at Fort Loudoun--It was thought proper to call in the Forces from the Stockade Forts to garison the above Forts compleatly; but not knowing Your Numbers in those Out-Forts I gave general Orders to call them all in, however after Garisoning Fort Cumberland & Fort Loudoun properly, the Surplus Men You are to fix at any Forts You think proper between the above two Forts, & where You think they may be of most essential Service. I am surpriz'd Mr. Walker shou'd leave his Duty after the Assurances made me (last Time he was inTown) of discharging that Duty with all Diligence. I fear he was not properly countenanc'd, his Probity, Knowledge & Experience makes him as equal to that Service as any in the Country, & as he & his Assistant have made so large Contracts, I shall not appoint another till I have his Reasons for resigning. Colo: Stephens had the Keys where the Indian Goods were lodged, & he must render an Acct. Of them; I have a Copy of the Invoice from Colo. Innes. I am of Opinion that Capt. Mc.Neill is a proper Person to conduct the Catawbas Home (if you cannot prevail with them to remain some Time longer) & he probably may engage some of their Warriors to come in the Spring.- -Capt. Pearis & 20 Men, were employ'd to escort the Cherokees and Catawbas, but You may observe how I am disappointed.1 [Note 1: 1 In the number of Indians escorted, "six Cherokees and two squaws."] I sent Capt. Mc.Neill 500£ to pay the Masters for the Servants enlisted, & order'd him to engage as many as that Money wou'd answer & send them up to You; but I cannot give Directions for enlisting more till I see the Treasurer, to know what Money he may have applicable to that Service. Fort Cumberland is to be kept as Defensible as You can till the Spring, when I expect Lord Loudoun will give Directions therein, but not to be made Cannon proof unless it can be done at a small Expence, which the Country must pay unless Lord Loudoun otherways directs. The paragraph of Lord Loudoun's Letter to me, is entirely confin'd to Fort Cumberland, he was affraid You wou'd have evacuated, & dismantled thatFort before his Letter reached me, which wou'd have had a bad Effect as to the Dominion, & no good Appearance at Home--As to the String of Forts he knows Nothing of, or can You, from the Paragraph sent You, think that he either prejudges or has any bad Opinion of Your Conduct, & as Fort Cumberland is reinforc'd he will be much pleas'd.1 [Note 1: 1 The governor afterwards thought to add a palliative by this assurance.--SPARKS.] I confirm my former Leave of Your coming here when his Lordship arrives, as You will be able to give him a good Acct. of our Back Country; & I desire You will give the necessary Orders to Your Lieut. Colo. before You leave Fort Cumberland--And I expect You left Directions with Ct: Mercer to continue the Constructing of Fort Loudoun, & that with all possible Expedition. I was in hopes the Interpreter for the Catawbas would have serv'd for the Cherokees; however I have sent up the Country to engage an Interpreter--You must keep the Indians employ'd in Scouting, if idle they will be thinking of Home. I approve of the Leave You have given to Lieutts. Baker & Lawry, & I shall be glad to see them - I have paved the Way & I expect a good Number of the Tuscaroras & Nottaways early in the Spring, & I think Lieut. Baker will be of great Service with those People. I am in Pain & greatly uneasy for the poor Men's Cloathing--I understand the Treasurer appointed Colo. Carlyle & Mr. Chas. Stewart to provide them, & I hope the first Vessell from London will bring them; the Severity of the Weather & the Work they haveto do gives me Concern when I think of their naked Condition,--I wish You cou'd purchase some Blankets for the present tho' I think it cannot be long before they arrive; endeavour to keep them in Spirits for a short Time longer. You do right in writing to the Treasurer to provide Money You know I am only to grant my Warrant, & when I see him I shall speak to him on that Head. I shall be glad to have a regular Return of Your Strength to lay before Lord Loudoun when he arrives--I wish You Health & I remain ... Sir ... Your humble Servant ... ROBT. DINWIDDIE ======================== USGENWEB NOTICE: In keeping with our policy of providing free information on the Internet, data may be freely used by non-commercial entities, as long as this message remains on all copied material. These electronic pages cannot be reproduced in any format for profit or other presentation. The submitter has given permission to the USGenWeb Archives to store the file permanently for FREE access. ==============