This document is found in the Colonial and State Records of North Carolina. It is undated, but the other document on page 320 is a tax list of taxables by county for 1754 filed on January 4, 1755. The document sharing page 321 is dated January 4, 1755 as well, so I would presume this information is from sometime in late 1754 and was also filed on January 4, 1755.
Report concerning the number of Native Americans in North Carolina
Volume 05, Pages 320-321
INDIANS IN NORTH CAROLINA
|The Catawba Nation under King Hagler are of Warriors||240|
|The Warriors of the Cherokee Nation are 2390 divided into different Settlements vizt The Savana River under the Good Warrior Headman||275|
|On the waters of the Mississippi under the Raven of Cowee||715|
|——————– page 321 ——————–|
|The upper Settlemt of Mississippi under the Round O. Head Man||415|
|In the Valley under the Raven of Highwasa||545|
|The lower Settlemt of Mississippi under the Emperor of Tillaw & Old Hop of Chote the two head men of the Cherokee Nation||640||2590|
|Of the Warriors of the Tuskerora Nations are||100|
|The Women & Children||201||301|
|Of the Chowan 2 Men & 3 Women and Children||7|
|The Saponas about 14 Men & 14 Women||28|
|The Mecharens about 7 or 8 fighting men||8|
|These are all the Indians except about 8 or 10 Maramusket Indians and as many on the Islands or Banks||20|
This is particularly important information for the smaller tribes, such as the Tuscarora, Chowan, Saponi, Meherrin, Mattamuskeet and the Hatteras. The Mattamuskeet and Hatteras had intermarried by this time, as documented in 1756, also in the Colonial Records.
It is of note that in 1754, the Catawba Nation was in North Carolina, in Anson County.
Hat tip to Sharron for this document.