A deed between John Taylor of Surry Co., Va., seller, and Alexander Bruce of Amelia County, buyer, for 330 acres located in Amelia County, Va., was dated November 8, 1737. This deed specifies the location of the “Sappone Indians Cabbins,” as follows:
“Beginning at a white oak above the Sappone Indians Cabbins, thence south 10 degrees, east 302 poles to a corner hicory near a branch of Winnigham Creek, thence east 10 degrees north 164 ples to a corner shrub white oak, thence noth 10 degrees west 218 poles to two corner Spanish oaks a the fork of a small spring branch thence down the said branch as it meanders to the said creek, thence up the creek as it meanders to the first station.
Winnigham Creek is now Winningham Creek, if it wasn’t always.
In the 1982 journal, “Quarterly Bulletin – Archaeological Society of Virginia,” Vol. 37, C. G. Holland contributed an article titled “Saponi Note” on page 42. In his article, Mr. Holland used the USGS maps of the Crewe area where Winningham Creek begins, and fit this metes and bounds description to the map, including the two waterways. He indicates that only one location fits the survey, and that based on the location of the survey, the Sappone Cabbins were located on the south side of Winningham Creek and west of State Route 617. His hand drawn map is shown above.
On a contemporary map, the location is shown below. The blue balloon to the right is the intersection of Winningham Creek and 617, also known as Winningham Creek Road. The second balloon, further to the left is the approximate location of the Saponi Cabins basd on Holland’s map.
Moving this map further out, I have also marked the location of Crewe, the closest town, in current day Nottoway County, Va.
Adding some other locations relevant to the Saponi, you can see Fort Christanna to the lower right and to the lower left of the Saponi Cabin location, you can see where the Saponi, two towns, east and west, were reported to be located in 1671 by Lederer.
We also know that prior to 1711, the Saponi were living in North Carolina, so they moved about a fair bit, probably in response to pressure from both settlers and other Native tribes.