In the book, Forgotten Patriots, in the New York section, we find something rather unique and interesting. An Oneida Indian is given by his Native names, which are spelled variously, probably phoenetically as best they could be, but then he is also given by his English name, Honyere Doxtator. In addition, two alternate first name spellings are also given, Honyost and Hanyose. As it turns out, Honyere and Honyost were brothers, both of whom served.
Hanyere’s native name is given as:
We find out more in the book, “The Oneida Indian Experience: Two Perspectives” by Jack Campisi. He tells us that in July of 1775, military units were formed and the Oneida Indian, Tewahongarahkin, known later to whites as Honyere Doxtator, gathered together a unit of Indians friendly to the American cause and entered the service along with his brother Honyost. Honyere’s son Peter who filed his pension application spelled his name Tewahangaraghkan, yet another spelling where the letter a supplants the letter o. These people lived at “Oriskany Castle” known to the Indians as Orisata-aak in Oneida Co., NY.
In 1852, after his death, his wife Jenny applied for his pension, and all arrears from 1828 when he would have been eligible, stating that he was unaware, as was she, that he qualified for a pension. His pension application which tells of his military career and lists his family members is available at www.fold3.com at http://www.fold3.com/image/#18662241 if you are a member.
I find it sad that veterans didn’t know they were eligible for pensions. Not only were they entitled to the pension, but I suspect it would have made a significant difference to them in their later years of life. However, it is his service to the United States that provides us with everything that is recorded of this man’s life, including his family members, his residence and both his English and Native names. Truly a treasure trove of history that would have otherwise been lost.