The Chowan Indians

Thanks to Fletcher Freeman for contributing part of the following information.  In addition I used resources found in The American Indian in North Carolina (1947) by the Rev. Douglas Rights hosted at and the book  Villany Often Goes Unpunished, Indian Records from the North Carolina General Assembly Sessions 1675-1789 by William L. Byrd III along with the ever popular Wikipedia .  This article was originally printed in the Lost Colony Research Group February 2011 Newsletter.

The Chowan Indians were found in North Carolina when Sir Walter Raleigh’s military expedition visited in 1585 -1586.  At that time, they were documented as the “Chowanook”, or Chowanoke.  Later, the name was shortened to Chowan and today, the Chowan River is one of the few rivers left that memorializes a Native tribe on the Eastern seaboard.

According to Ralph Lane, Raleigh’s expedition leader in 1585, the Chowanoke had 19 villages, with the capital being the town of Chowanoke near present-day Harrellsville in Hertford County, NC.  They were the most numerous and most powerful of the Algonquian tribes in North Carolina. Lane described the town as being large enough to muster 700-800 warriors, which meant their total population was likely more than 3000. Another later account by Harriot, from the same expedition, estimated that all the villages could muster 800 warriors. Lane’s account was quite accurate in terms of his description of the town, its location and structures. 

Archaeological excavations at the site of Chowanoke in the 1980s confirmed Lane’s report of its location. The town had been occupied by humans for 800 years, with radiocarbon dating establishing 825 AD as the earliest date of culture related to the Chowanoke.  Including large agricultural fields, the town was a mile long and was home to several hundred Chowanoke people and possibly as many as 2100. It contained a precinct for the ruler and nobility or elite residences, public buildings, temples and burials near the north end of what the archeologists called Area B. This may have been the 30-longhouse cluster observed and reported by Harriot.  Evidence of other residences was found in areas of erosion on the edges of the peninsula.

Other earlier inhabitations were found as well, predating the Chowanoke.

Dr. Richard Dillard has described a shell mound in the former Chowan region:

One of the largest and most remarkable Indian mounds in Eastern North Carolina is located at Bandon on the Chowan, evidently the site of the ancient town of Chowanokes which Grenville’s party visited in 1585, and was called Mavaton. The map of James Winble, made in 1729, also locates it about this point. The mound extends along the river bank five or six hundred yards, is sixty yards wide and five feet deep, covered with about one foot of sand and soil. It is composed almost exclusively of mussel shells taken from the river, pieces of pottery, ashes, arrowheads and human bones . . . Pottery and arrowheads are found in many places throughout this county, especially on hillsides, near streams, etc.

It is probable that diseases from the first English contact, such as measles and smallpox, considerably weakened the Chowanoke, as they did other coastal Carolina  peoples. None had natural immunity to European diseases.

The neighboring Tuscarora, who had inhabited areas to the inland, expelled the remaining Chowanoke from the territory along the river.

In 1607 an English expedition, in the area on orders from Captain John Smith of Jamestown, found that hardly any Chowanoke people were left along the Chowan River. They had been reduced to one settlement across the river in present day Gates County on Bennett’s Creek. 

Several decades later, in 1644 and 1675-77, the Chowanoke had strengthened enough to wage two wars against English settlers. They met defeat each time. After these wars, the English designated the Chowanoke settlement on Bennett’s Creek as the first Indian Reservation in the present-day United States.

On August 27, 1650, a Virginia exploring party set out from Fort Henry to reach the Tuscarora settlements. The company included Edward Bland, Abraham Wood, Sackford Brewster, Elias Pennant, two white servants, and an Appromattox Indian guide. On the way they secured a Nottoway Indian guide named Oyeocker.

Some distance west of Meherrin River they came to an Indian trail. Their narrative states:

At this path our Appamattuck Guide made a stop, and cleared the Westerly end of the path with his foote, being demanded the meaning of it, he shewed an unwillingness to relate it, sighing very much. Whereupon we made a stop untill Oyeocker our other Guide came up, and then our Appamattuck journied on; but Oyeocker at his coming up cleared the other end of the path, and prepared himselfe in a most serious manner to require our attentions, and told us that many years since their late great Emperour Appachancano came thither to make War upon the Tuscarood, in revenge of three of his men killed, and one wounded, and brought word of the other three men murdered by the Hocomawananck Indians for lucre of the Roanoke they brought with them to trade for Otter skins. There accompanied Appachancano severall petty Kings that were under him, amongst which there was one King of a Towne called Powhatan, which had long time harboured a grudge against the King of Chawan, about a young woman that the King of Chawan had detayned of the King of Powhatan: Now it happened that the King of Chawan was invited by the King of Powhatan to this place under pretence to present him with a guift of some great vallew, and they met accordingly, and the King of Powhatan went to salute and embrace the King of Chawan, and stroaking of him after their usual manner, he whipt a bowstring about the King of Chawans neck, strangled him; and how that in memoriall of this, the path is continued unto this day, and the friends of the Powhatans when they passe that way, cleanse the Westerly end of the path, and the friends of the Chawan the other.

And some two miles from the path we come unto an Indian Grave upon the east side of the path: Upon which Grave there lay a great heape of sticks covered with greene boughs, we demanded the reason for it, Oyeocker told us, that “there lay a great man of Chawan that dyed in the same quarrell, and in honor of his memory they continue greene boughs over his Grave to this day, and ever when they goe forth to Warre they relate this, and other valorous, loyall Acts, to their young men, to animate them to doe the like whan occasion requires.”

In 1663 the Chowan entered into a treaty with the English and “submitted themselves to the Crown of England under the Dominion of the Lord Proprietors.” This treaty was faithfully observed for a decade, but in 1675 the Susquehanna War broke out in Virginia. Through incitement of the Indians of Virginia the Chowan violated their treaty. A year of warfare followed with serious loss to the settlers.

The tribe was largely extinct by the late 1600s; with many deaths likely due to diseases, including a smallpox in 1696.

The Chowan were forced to surrender all of their land on the south side of Meherrin River and were assigned a reservation on Bennett’s Creek. Here they struggled along for a hundred years. Many petitions were made to the council for a survey, but nearly fifty years passed before the request was granted. Their lands gradually dwindled from twelve square miles, as first assigned, to six square miles about 1707. At this time they had only one town with about fifteen fighting men.

In March of 1702, the area was beginning to be settled, and a group of settlers petitioned the North Carolina General Assembly, as follows:

Petitioners have right to considerable tracts of land on Bennet’s Creyke now known as Caret’s Creyke via patents and conveyances.  Chowan Indians have their hunting quarters upon petitioners lands and pretend the land is theirs and destroy the stock of the petitioners and burn their houses saying they are under the protection of the English and that no Englishman ought to seat within 4 miles of their town…we implore the Indians lands be laid out for them accoriding to the aforesaid order of coucill and if petitioners hold land within the limits it shall be diserted and left to the said Indians.  Signed by Benjamin Blanchard, John Campbell, Thomas Spivey, Francis Rountree, Robert Rountree, Robert Lacitar, George Laciter, Nicholas Stallings

In 1712 Missionary Giles Rainsford of the English Church wrote:

I had conference with one Thomas Hoyle King of the Chowan Indians who seem very inclinable to embrace Christianity and proposes to send his son to school . . . I readily offered him my service to instruct him myself . . . where I lodge being but three miles distant from his Town. But he modestly declined it for the present till a general peace was concluded between the Indians and the Christians. I found he had some notions of Noahs flood which he came to the knowledge of and exprest himselfe after this manner – My father told me I tell my Son.

Three years later Rainsford reported: “I have been five months together in Chowan Indian Town & make myself almost a Master of their language.” In this same letter he offered to serve as missionary among them.

Chief John Hoyter petitioned the council in 1714 for a survey of the six-mile reservation, stating that the Indians had been “fighting on Eight Expeditions against the Indyan Enemy of this province and during the time they were in ye Countys Service they Suffered Considerable loss in their plantations & Stocks loosing Seaventy five head of hogs a Mare & Colt their Corne destroyed by which ye wearing out of their clothes they are reduced to great poverty, and asked that some allowance be made for their services and losses.”

Apparently the land was surveyed, because in this 1714 petition request to the General Assembly, we find that Chief Hoyter is petitioning on behalf of the Chowan Indians for a resurvey:

John Hoyter Petition for himself and the rest of ye Chowan Indians.  Upon ye humble petition of ye said indians to this honorible board in the time when Honorable Henderson Walker Esq. was president was past that ye governor or deputy should lay out a tract of land for ye said indians of 6 miles square and another order in the time of honorable Landgrave Robert Daniel Esqr persuant to ye order.  In pursuance deputy Gov .Capt Luton came and undertook said survey and did lay out a tract of land but wholly contrary to the intent and meaning of said order for ye petitioners are very confident that ye intent of ye council was that such land should be layd out for them as would produce corn for their support and the petitioners do pray and averr that none other parcel of ye said land in ye said place will produce corn being all pines and deserts so they have not their land according to ye intent and meaning of the board, neither for quality nor quantity it being not near 6 miles squiare.  We pray for relief.  John (I, his mark) Hoyter for himself and the rest of the nation.

In 1718 and 1720 petitions were filed by Chief Hoyter complaining that the settlers were continually intruding upon the lands of the Indians and that the limits of the territory had never been determined. In the former petition he also asked for payment due one of his tribesmen by a settler for an Indian slave of the Core Sound region.

In 1717, Chief Hoyter complained to the governor and council that his people were starving, being kept off their land by the settlers.

According to notes by Fletcher Freeman, the N.C. council set aside the 53,000 acre Indian Woods Reservation in 1723 along the Roanoke River in Bertie County for the Tuscarora under Chief Blount and the Chowan who had sided with the colonists in the Tuscarora War of 1711.

By the year 1731 the tribe had dwindled to less than twenty families.

In 1733, the Bennett name is located on the East side of the Chowan River, but none of the other names mentioned are, including Freeman.

In 1733, just 10 years later, the Chowan and Tuscarora petitioned to merge.  This citation is found in the Minutes of the North Carolina Governor’s council dated April 3, 1733, Vol. 3, pages 537-538 of the Colonial and State Records of North Carolina.    The council authorized the “Suponees “to live with the “Tuskarooroes” and went on to say “ and that the Chowan Indians have leave to live with the Tuscarooroes Indians provide King Blount will receive them.”  This is somewhat unusual since the Chowan were Algonquin speaking and the Tuscarora were Iroquoian, although they were allies during the Tuscarora war beginning in 1711.  However, it appears from the Council records that the Chowan under Chief Hoyter stayed on their Indian town reservation in Chowan County until at least 1751 when they sold their land.

In May of 1733, we find our next document, as follows:

We James Bennett, Thomas Hit(t)er, Charles Beazley, Jeremiah Pushen (Pushing), John Robins, John Reding, Nuce Will, Indians of Chowan precinct in the county of Albemarle in NC for 150# NC money in hand on ? to be paid by Thomas Garrett whereof we the said Indians hereby acquit exonerate and discharge Thomas Garrett, heirs and assigns forever having sold all that part and parcell of land lying in Chowan precinct being part of a patent bearing the date 1724 for land beginning at the mouth of a branch known as Gum Branch up the swamp to a branch to Capt. Aron Blansherds line, along his line to a branch by his plantation at a bridge then from thr bridge along the path to the Gum Branch then down the branch to the first station containing 400 acres and we the said indians (names repeated) have good right and lawful authority to sell….bind ourselves for 1000#.  Signed James Bennett, Thomas Hitter, Charles Beazley, Jerrmiah Pushing, John Robins, John Reding, Nuce Will, in the presents of Michael Ward, Henry Hill May 20 1733

In September 1733, the Chowan are leasing their land. 

James Bennett, Charles Beasley, Thomas Hittor, Jereme Pushen, Thomas Pushen, John Reding of Chowan precinct to Thomas Tailor of Chowan let to farm Thomas Tailor 100 acres lying between the Myrey branch and the Poplar branch upon the pocoson side lying (torn) Chowan precinct belonging to the Jowan indians called the Rain Gras neck with land  and all the profetes and preveledges there unto belonging to said Thomas Taillor from Sept 10 full term 13 years.  Two yeares went free firm and fully completed and ended yealding and paying unto said indians aforesaid the rent or sum of 250# tobacco to them and asignes to be paid yearly after 2 years rent free now to the performance of these artikles and 200 pounds to be paid upon the nonperformance of this agreement.  And if sold Thomas Taillor to have the refuse of ye said land.  James Bennet, Charles Besly, Jereme Pushing, John Freeman, Walter Droughan, William ?, John Reading.  There appear to be no witnesses.

Note that in this instance, John Freeman seems to be included at the end with the Indians, but not in the first sentence.  The same situation occurs with Walter Droughan and William ?, and Thomas Hittor who is in the first sentence is missing from the last reference. 

On January 30,  1734, the Chief Men of the Chowan, petitioned the North Carolina Assembly regarding the abuses against their people.  Petitioners were Thomas Hoyter, John Robins, John Reading, Neuse Will, James Bennett, Charles Beasley and Jeremiah Pushing.

Later, in 1734, the Chowan Indian chiefs, James Beard, Tomas Hoyter, Charles Beazley and Jeremiah Pushing sold land to John and Tabitha Freeman (Chowan Deed book W-1 p 216). 

In April 1734, the Chowan sold land to Thomas Garrett.  The deed from James Bennett, Thos. Hiter, Charles Bearley (sic, probably Beasley), Jeremiah Ruffin, John Robins, John Reding, Hull Will, Indians of Chowan Precinct in the County of Albemarle to Thos. Garrett of the same precinct and county for land in Chowan Precinct, part of patent dated 1724 on Gum Br., bordering Capt. Aron Blansherds (full description is included). 7 Apr. 1734. Witnesses Mitchell Ward, Henry Hill.

All grantors signed with a mark, except Hull Wills.

In 1751, the headmen of the tribe, James Bennett and John Robbins, Indians, and John Freeman, planter sold the Chowan land to Richard Freeman, in the following deed:

Chowan County – To all to whom these presents shall come we James Bennet & John Robins Chowan Indians & John Freeman Planter of the County and Province aforesaid Know Ye that we the aforesaid James Bennet, John Robins  & John Freeman for and in consideration of the sum of Twenty Pounds Lawfull money of Great Britain to us in hand paid by Richard  Freeman of the county and Province aforesaid, Planter, the receipt of which we do hereby acknowledge have granted bargained sold  conveyed confirmed & deliver and do by these presents grant Bargain Sell Convey Confirm and Set Over unto the aforesaid Richard Freeman one certain tract or parcel of land &  pocoson lying on the No. side of Bennets Creek commonly called & known by the name of the Chowan Indian Land Two Hundred acres by Estimation beginning on Blanchards Line running then west … together with all and singular the appurtenances thereunto belonging unto the said Richard Freeman, his heirs and assigns forever hence they yielding and paying  to our Sovereign Lord  the King the yearly quit rents of and by(?) required for every hundred acres hereby granted by the said James Bennet, John Robins and John Freeman as aforesaid to the said Richard Freeman his heirs..the aforesaid James Bennet, John Robins, & John Freeman and do bind ourselves and each of our heirs and by these presents to forever  warrant and defend unto the said Richard Freeman his heirs and the above mentioned tract or parcel of land and pocoson from all manner of persons whatever…whereof we the aforesaid Ja. Bennet, Jn Robins Chowan Indians and John Freeman, Planter have hereunto set our hand and seals this — of January, 1751

Signed & Sealed & Delivered in the presence of Richard Garret, Reuben Hinton, George S. Outlaw – Chowan County  for January County Court 1751

These may testify that the within Deed of Sale of Land from James Bennet, John Robins, & John Freeman to Richard Freeman was duly proved in open Court by the oath of Richard Garret and on motion is ordered to be registered.  Registered January 23, 1751

Signed Sealed & Delivered in the presence  of:

Richard Garret                    James B. Bennett

Reuben Hinton                     John R. Robins

George S. Outlaw                  John Freeman

Chowan County       January County Court 1751

Present His Majesties Justices These may codify that the within Deed of Sale of Land from James Bennet John Robins & John Freeman to Richard Freeman is hereby proved in open Court by the oath of Richard Garret & on Motion is ordered to be Registered.  Registered Jan 23, 1751

It is unclear from this extraction whether or not James Bennett or John Robins could sign their names, but I strongly suspect from the B. initial and the R. initial above, that these were not initials but “marks” made by the native men.  In this timeframe, European men by and large did not have middle names.  These men were clearly stated to be Indians.  John Freeman, on the other hand, appears to have signed his name and was not stated to be an Indian.  I wonder what his relationship to the Chowan Indians was.  Did he marry a female of the tribe?  And how was Richard Freeman related to John?

Fletcher Freeman believes that Tabitha, the wife of John, was a Native female, possibly the daughter of Chief Hoyle.  She could well have been, but there is no proof of such.  One possibility is that Chief Hoyle had himself become Christian (given the 1712 record) and with him, his children, including Tabitha, who would also have been given a Christian name upon baptism.  This would have enabled her to marry John Freeman, as he would not have been marrying a “savage”

Fletcher Freeman found records indicating that John Freeman was a reader at the Indian Town Chapel  in 1733 and again in 1743.  Interestingly, Edward Mosley who drew the famous Mosely Map of 1733 was also a member there and had been Thomas Hoyter’s attorney in 1723 according to the North Carolina Records.  Another member of Indian Town Chapel was Tom Blount, probably the man after whom Tuscarora Chief Tom Blount named himself, signifying kinship.  If this is not the case, how did John Freeman come to be listed with the Chowan Indians, although one deed record is somewhat ambiguous with his name omitted in one listing and included in another in the same document?  It is possible that he was a witness, not a conveyor in one deed, but in the second deed, he is clearly a conveyor.

In 1752 Bishop Spangenberg wrote from Edenton, “The Chowan Indians are reduced to a few families, and their land has been taken away from them.”

Due to colonists’ encroachments and violations of treaties, by 1754 only two Chowanoke families: the Bennetts and the Robbinses, remained in the Bennett’s Creek settlement.

A report of Governor Dobbs in 1755 stated that the tribe consisted of two men and five women and children who were “ill used by their neighbors.”

Bennett and Robbins males served in the Revolutionary War.  By 1790, European guns and disease was reduced the Chowan from thousands to a handful of people.  Their leaders had European names.  John Robbins was one of them and a lovely website documenting his family is found here –

During a sale of Chowanoke land in 1790, it was written that the Chowanoke men had died, “leaving a parcel of Indian women, which have mixed with Negroes, and now there are several freemen and women of Mixed blood as aforesaid which have descended from the s[ai]d Indians.”

In the 1790 census, there are two Robbins and two Bennett families listed as “free people of color” in Gates County, but none of the other surnames mentioned above as Native are found in that location.  In Tyrrell County, an Elizabeth Will is found, but the rest of the surnames seem to have disappeared.

By 1810, only Robbins families were left at the Bennett’s Creek settlement. They seemed to have assimilated by 1822, having dispersed and married their more numerous white and black neighbors.

Many Robbinses migrated to the free states of Ohio and Indiana after Nat Turner’s Slave Rebellion of 1831.

Noah Robbins stayed, but he was classified as “colored” in the fear-born backlash from the failed 1831 rebellion and possibly to remove any residual treaty obligations.  All colored, even if they were born free as Indians, were required to register and carry their “paper”, as follows, at all times.

“State of North Carolina, Gates County August Court of Pleas, 1831…

..It was then and there ordered that the Clerk of said Court should [grant] to the said Noah Robbins a certificate certifying that he is a free man of colour and a native of said County and there in entitled to all rights and privileges of free persons of colour. Given under my hand and seal of office the 25th day of August Anno Dom 1831.”

Some of the Bennetts moved further south in Anson County, North Carolina with Native American trading families. Their descendants can be found there; some are members of one of the several Pee Dee Indian tribes.

One group of Robbinses remained intact. They first moved to Colerain in Bertie County, downriver on the Chowan. Many Robbins family descendants have since become members of the Meherrin tribe, based in Hertford County.

Fletcher Freeman mentions that he has seen another record that indicates that at least some of the Chowan merged with the Meherrin.  He feels this makes more sense because both were Algonquian speaking and both lived near each other on the Chowan river. 

Sadly with the end of these records, the Chowan disappear from the historical records, as Indians. 

We don’t have any known descendants of any of these Chowan surnames who have taken the Y DNA test.  Looking through the projects, there are no Native haplogroups for any of these surnames except for one Beasley gentleman from Texas and Freeman from Texas, Tennessee and Virginia.  There is no indication that any of these individuals are from the Chowan families.

A Lost Colony DNA project member who does descend from the John Freeman family of Gates County is haplogroup R1b1b2, a European haplogroup, which is exactly what we would expect to see from a European man who married a Native woman.  If they had daughters, and someone descends through all females from a daughter, indeed, we could test their mitochondrial DNA to see if Tabitha was a Native Chowan woman.


About Roberta Estes

Scientist, author, genetic genealogist. Documenting Native Heritage through contemporaneous records and DNA.
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134 Responses to The Chowan Indians

  1. Thomas Robbins says:

    There is a Robins/Robbins DNA group, but I don’t think they are focused on any Native genealogy. Most of them are Cherokee any way, but could be Chowanoke absorbed by the Cherokee. I believe I am Chowanoke through my grandmother Georgia Patman Robbins through the King, Powell families from the Chowan area. Not sure about the Robbins side except there are Bennett members. How in the world can you be sure about Chowan DNA? I would be willing to be a part of a Chowanoke DNA group if one is started.
    Thomas Robbins from Texas

  2. Thomas Robbins says:

    No. But want to, just haven’t done it yet.

  3. Janet Rose says:

    I have been researching my mother’s family line (Freeman) and found John Freeman and Tabitha Hoyter as ancestors. I would be interested in in this DNA project. How can I participate?

    • The project I was referring to is a Yline project that would follow the male Y chromosome and the surname. You would need to find a Freeman male descendant who carries the surname today. Here is an article on the various kinds of DNA testing.

    • I am a ancestor of John Freeman and Tabitha Hoyter I am female however my father Leonard Eugene Freeman

    • Billy Koonce says:

      I am a descendant of John Freeman and Tabitha Hoyter I am female my father is still alive LEONARD Eugene Freeman he turneed 86 aug 8 of this year

    • Renee Hansen says:

      I am also of this line and have done a DNA test already. John Freeman shows to be my 7th great-grandfather on my father’s side. Would really like to see a male in the Freeman line take the test, since it would only show in that line.

    • Woody R. Freeman says:

      Janet Rose, My name is Woody R. Freeman. my grandfather was Wiley Pete Freeman. I have a book of the Freemans that show John and Tabatha Freeman being my relatives. Tabatha’s father was a Chowan Indian Chief. Her husband John married her around 1733. John was a farmer and bought some land from the Chowan Indians. One of their sons Richard also bought 200 acres from the Chowan indians. I would like to talk to you if possible. My father Woodrow Wilson Freeman has passed away. i am 74 years old now. i live in Ft. Walton Beach, Florida. I am married and
      retired Air Force.

    • Woody R. Freeman says:

      Renee, My name is Woody R. Freeman. my ancestry also shows John and Tabatha as being in my ancestry. I have taken the DNA test however It did not show any indian ancestry. Perhaps not enough to show up. I don’t understand DNA enough to know. I would be willing to participate in the DNA project since I’m a Freeman. I’m now 74 years old and find ancestry a valuable addition to history. I am the last male in my Fathers line though.

  4. Elaine says:

    My Grandmother ‘s father was a Robbins and they lived in Alabama. Her mother was 1/2 Native American and 1/2 African American. When she was young her 1/2 brothers took land deed papers willed to her upon which now sits Robbins Air Force Base. Our lineage has been traced to have significant Creek bloodline. My grandmother and great great grandmother grew up in Alabama (Beatrice/Mobile/Atmore).

  5. Nancy Crutchley says:

    I am a descendant of the John and Tabitha Freeman. I am a female.

  6. carolyn king says:

    My family tree includes Sybil Barnes Odom. Sybil was daughter of Mary – Chowan Indian

    • Thomas Robbins says:

      There were Kings and Odoms who ran together that lived on the borders of the Chowanoke Rez. who ended up going south into S.C. and married into the Cheroenhaka Skippers and the Lumbee Quick family.

      • carolyn king says:

        My Sybil Barnes married Abraham Odum in about 1736 . She was born in NC but died in SC

      • mike says:

        Quicks are Peedee.we are from Marlboro,SC

      • Thomas Robbins says:

        Thomas and Aquilla Quick is said to be Lumbee but do not doubt any Pee Dee ties. The Clements and the Kings who also ended up in Marlboro, SC I am related to. I have possible relations who also married into the Pee Dee from the Bennett, Meadow/Meador, and Ashcraft side. I have spoke with Shoshone who may be a distant cousin but I have not confirmed with DNA yet.

      • carolyn king says:

        The line I am searching for does not include the Kings which is my married name. My grandmother Baird/Kirkland is the line that I think goes back to Sybil Barnes Odom.

    • After decades we have finally been able to track down my father’s Barnes line. His ancestor John Sanders Barnes was the illegitimate son of Polly Saunders (grandmother Sarah King) and John Barnes. John is a grandson of Thomas Barnes, the son of Richard Barnes and Mary. From what I was reading in the estate, it looks like Sybil was Mary’s daughter but not Richards, as his part of the estate went only to the children he had with Mary. Mary’s estate though went to four daughters with their husbands, including Sybil and Abraham Odom.

    • Ron McCormick says:

      Do you have docs to prove Mary as Chowan Indian? Am looking also for docs to prove the parents of Alcey Odom 1740-1806 I am Ron McCormick

    • Barbara Brady Sutton says:

      Carolyn, please email me about Sybil and Mary. If you have a gedmatch number, please compare our numbers. It may be too far back, but I would like to verify the connection to the Barnes, Odom and King families. I am related to the Bradys and Vanns of Chowan Co, NC from 1700-1800
      Thank you,
      Barbara Brady

  7. mike says:

    I dont believe we are of lumbee descent,im from the line Solomon Quick/Elizabeth Skipper bgBurrell/Abigail bg Barnabas Quick/Charlotte bg William Alonzo Quick/Addie Ennis and then my grand father Curtis Quick,my Quicks, from what i have read started off in Bertie County,and for along time was in the SC,the Peedee and the lumbee carry alot of the same surnames,but maybe im wrong but none of my family have ever lived in Robeson county,only in SC,Marlboro and Dillon,and if they were anywhere in NC,they were in Richmond.

  8. melissa freeman says:

    I am descent from John Freeman and Tabitha Freeman.They are my seventh great grandparents. I would also be interested in dna testing.

  9. Ben Robbins says:


    My name is Ben Robbins, a descendant of John Robins (he is my g-g-g-g-g grandfather). I recently had my y haplogroup tested on It proved to be A1a. Since we’re from the line of Nan Robbins we don’t share the same haplogroup as John Robins but believe ours actually came from a member of the Bass family, who also shares this extremely rare haplogroup.

    Thomas, Jimmie, Roberta – I’d really like to connect with others who are from the line of John Robins as we know no details on his wife or other children. If any of you have this information I would love to hear about it.

    All the best,


    • thomas robbins says:

      Hi Ben,
      Don’t know much past my ggg grandfather Reuben George Robins/Robbins born 1828 in North Carolina and married Mary McCullough born 1824 South Carolina. I have siblings of his hand written by my great grandfather that seem to match the extended family of Jimmie Lee Robins, except great grandpa believed his father to be a John Robbins.

      I have been meaning to take the 23 and me test but procrastinate. I sent an application to the Chowanoke in Winton, but was more so hopeful for a connection on Grandma Patman’s side, who married grandpa Robbins. Her family owned land on the border of the Chowanoke rez and they are King, Boone, Benton, Cotton, Parker, Pugh, etc. and some of their land transactions seemed to possibly be witnessed by Chowanoke men. Wouldn’t that be something if both my father’s parents were Chowanoke. I also believe grandpa Robbins was Saponi through his mother’s side of the Vick, Bennett, Ashcroft, Meadows/Meador as well.

      Would love to figure this out. Family stories were of Gypsy feet having to constantly move before landing in Texas. Grandparents instilled in us the need to find our way home.

      • Jamil Antoine Benton says:

        I’m a Benton from Washington DC. My mother’s mother is from Washington DC and my Father’s parents are from Woodland NC. My mother’s currently in the process of marrying a Boone. Awesome

      • abenamckenzie32 says:

        I would like to know more about Chief James Bennett, his son Josiah Bennett and his wife Nancy Bennett who are the parents of Elizabeth Bennett my Great Grandmother, (I have a picture of Elizabeth Bennett) of Mable Bennett Mack McKenzie my Grandmother, they werein Louisianaon a Plantation. I am Abena McKenzie.

    • Joyce says:

      My name is Joyce Robbins, a descendant of John Robbins, his grandfather is Sam Robins b abt 1775.. Isaiah is my (ggg)

  10. Clint Freeman says:

    I am a Freeman male that descends (at least as far as I can tell) directly from John Freeman and Tabitha Hoyter. I’d be interested in finding out how I can participate in any DNA studies.

    • Hi Clint. You can test through You’ll need to take the Y DNA test, probably 37 or 67 markers. You will be able to join the Freeman project and others that may interest you. For example, if you carry Native Y DNA, you may want to join a Native American project, etc. The way to get started is to order your kit!!! It will be exciting to make discoveries about yourself and your family.

    • Elizabeth Freeman says:

      I am also decended from John Freeman and Tabitha Hoyter. Please let me let me know your test results. Thanks

  11. Aleda Robins Huff Creel says:

    I am the great grand daughter of Esther Mabel Robins, daughter of James Cameron Robins. I believe they are direct descendants of the above mentioned Chowanoke Indian John Robins. I would like to be involved in DNA testing to prove connection. My father always said we were Cherokee, which after reading this article, makes sense we would have joined with them after numbers were depleted. Any information you may have, please contact me at Thank you

  12. Austin says:

    Does anyone have any tribal information on Malinda Jane Robbins; born 1838 in Randolph County north Carolina? Her mother is Mary Davidson; born in Virginia (no further records before her that we can find) and her father is Haman Robbins.

    • Blue Ridge Blue says:

      I am almost sure that Robbins is the surname of two FPOC men who married Chowan Indians. If I’m not mistaken they were soldiers in the Rev War or War of 1812

    • Jo Spencer says:

      I hope this is still an active site. My great-great-grandmother was Mary Ann Robbins. Her sister Melinda Jane was born 1838. Their father was Haman Robbins and mother was Mary. They lived here in KY, but Haman gave his birthplace as NC. Could this be them?

      • Pam says:

        Hopefully you are still monitoring this site. Yes, this could very well be the same family. Do you have any further information?

    • Jo Spencer says:

      I am the ggg grand daughter of Haman Robbins who came from North Carolina to Kentucky by 1840. His daughter Malinda J was the sister to my Mary Ann. I believe that Haman Robbins may have belonged to the Chowan tribe. Malinda always gave KY as her birthplace and the birthplace of her parents, but Haman gives his birthplace as N. C. If the photograph I have of Malinda is really her, she looks full blood Indian. Does anyone have more information about this family?

      • Pam Stanley says:

        I believe this may all be the same family. I have a photo of Malinda also and she is definitely Native American. Any chance you could send me your picture in an email?
        In the research I have done, it looks like Haman’s father came from England and married Elizabeth Yount from North Carolina. She very well could have been Chowan. If you don’t have Haman’s family information, I would be glad to share it with you.

      • Jo Spencer says:

        I will also email you with the photo I have of Malinda, and also my great grandmother Candus who was Malinda’s niece. “My” Haman has been confused with the Haman who was the son of James Robbins and Elizabeth Yount. I will work on substantiating that more. That Haman was born about 1798, and my Haman was born about 1802 (judging by the census records.) They could have very well been first cousins. My sense is that we have not found my Haman’s parents yet. It’s interesting that someone posted that Malinda Jane Robbins was born in Randolph County, N. C. in 1838. That is right I believe for the birth year. But on the 18fifty (my five isn’t working) census in Montgomery Co, KY, Haman is b. N. C. his wife Mary VA and the children born in KY. On the 1840 census the columns match for the children’s ages. And Malinda always gives KY as birthplace for her and her parents. But, this could be because they didn’t want to identify as Indians from North Carolina.

  13. Kathy Freeman Duncan says:

    My cousin has been doing Freeman family ancestral research. She took a DNA test and it shows that we are descendants of the Chowan. We are Freeman’s and we are residents of North Carolina.

  14. Natalie Bryant says:

    In the paragraph about the land lease of September 1733, that William? was my Ancestor, William Bryant……..Please notate my ancestors name correctly…….Thank You……

    Natalie Bryant

  15. L.Reed says:

    I descend from Rebecca Freeman Tabitha Hoyter Freeman was her great grandmother.Rebecca is my greatgreatgreat grandmother.So awesome to see so many distant relatives. …hello my family.

  16. blume says:

    I’d like to talk about the project and DNA testing. thanks in advance.

  17. elizabeth parks says:

    Hello. I would like to see a Freeman DNA Site. Family Story that my Wright line is related to the Amos Freeman line. Walter Draughon that is mention in the above story is my 6th ggrandfather. He had several dealings with Michael Ward. Michael Wards lines married into the Freeman line. Richard Bennett listed one of Michael Ward children as his grandson. I am related to Bridgett Ward daughter of Walter Draughon. There is a family story that she had a daughter by a Indian Chief. Her name was Lititia Ward who married Cullen Conerly. Walter and Michael Ward died in Bertie Co. N.C. I did not really understand some of the information you had listed above about Walter Draughon. There is not a whole lot of information on him at all. Thank you for reading this.

    • Shaina Michael says:

      Hi! We’re of long distance relation if your related to Amos Freeman Burdick 🙂 my great grandpa’s name is Myrle Freeman Burdick and my Great Great Grandpa’s name is William Freeman Burdick! I’ve heard stories about our Native American history as well and I’m guessing more than one Native has married in. I’ve recently been looking into my Native culture because I was asked to perform our cultural dances if I could prove I had 2% or more Native American in me

    • Shaina says:

      Not sure if last comment worked but I’m related to Amos Freeman Burdick. My great grandpa is Myrle Freeman Burdick and I’ve heard the same stories. I was recently told by a chief that I could perform at powwows if I could prove I was 2% or more Native American. I’ve been having a hard time tracking anyone who’s married into the Burdick Freeman family.

  18. mmblock says:


    Tabitha (Hoyter) and John Freeman are my 5th Great Grandparents. My great-grandmother is Sophia Alice (Freeman) Kirby, daughter of Sophia (Harrison) Freeman.

    I have not be in touch with Fletcher Freeman regarding loud mutual interest in our family.

    I have one son and one daughter. I have had my DNA analyzed ( and 23andMe). My children have not as yet. The article above mentions John Hoyter became a Christian and John Freeman a reader? Is there a reference/records on this?

    It would be nice to learn more about the Chowan Project. What is the process?

    Thank you for a reply,

    Mare Margaret

  19. Ron Cook says:

    I am decended from the Lassiter (as it is now spelled) family, and believe that the two Laciter men (Robert & George) are the two brothers my maternal grandmother told me about who came to America from England. I also recognise the names of Francis and Robert Rountree as ancestors.
    Is there a DNA test that traces the maternal & paternal lines?

  20. Lynn R. Campbell says:

    Amos Freeman Burdick, c. 1803-1873, is my great great great grandfather. To my limited knowledge, Amos Freeman Burdick did not travel much outside of Western Pennsylvania.
    What can you tell me? Thank you!

    • Shaina Michael says:

      I do know that most of the freeman burdick line including myself is still located in western pa. My grandpa vance burdick is buried in Waterford cemetery and that’s where I live. He’s the son of Henry(?) Burdick and Dorathy Hites burdick(also in the Waterford pa cemetery), then Myrle freeman burdick and Adda rogers burdick. Then I believe it was William burdick that was his father, preceeded my Amos Freeman Burdick…(I should’ve had a another great in front of grandpa on both of those when I mentioned then earlier). But I’ve been trying to get more of an idea of family history and it goes right to the Freeman Burdick lines no matter how I look it up but I’d like to know more as well 🙂

  21. Angela says:

    I am related through Susannah Kirkland who married Jeramiah Rhoden their grandson Kesterson Tidwell is my 3rd great grandpa. Susannah Kirkland is the granddaughter of Abraham Odom and Sibil Barnes. Was wondering if Sibil Barnes is the sister of Mary Barnes daughter of April HopTikikami Hop Turkey Moytoy Cornstalk?

  22. telatha81 says:

    hi, I am a freeman in NC. my dad is a freeman so I’m going back through the men.
    I have went back to a William freeman married to Mary, it looks like they are in ” Old Chowan Precinct”
    I dont know how to find out if all the names are related to me? any help welcomed

  23. Chad lassiter says:

    Hello there is a tale in our family, saying the first European decendant married a native american Cherokee. Doing research maybe chowan? Also on my ancestry research says my name was spelled differently very often. Any info that can be let known?


    Chad lassiter, lassitter, laciter

    • Thomas Robbins says:

      Eddie Davis has a blog that discusses his Lassiter family. He has also discussed them on the ‘searching for Saponitown Forum’ and the Chowanoke Descendants Community Form. Google him. He 8s a cousin through Benton.
      Nya weh!

  24. Tiffany Coker says:

    I am also a female descendant.

  25. Wow this is so interesting. We just found this line of family and at first thought it was Choctaw. But soon found out it was Chowanoke. I am related through Susannah Kirkland whose mother was Alice Alcey Odom. Her mother was Sybil Barnes, married to Abraham Odom. Does anyone have any documentation they are willing to share to show this link to the Chowanoke Indian?

    • Researching further back we see Cherokee and Shawnee on this line…hmmm. Looks like more digging needs to be done and research to find out who belongs to who. It’s been quite the journey. Has anyone else found the Cherokee and Shawnee connection with Sybil Barnes who was married to Abraham Odom? Thanks for any help in advance.

  26. Lenell McKenzie says:

    Josiah Bennett is my 4th great! He had a son Jackson
    We blended with the Harris family in Alabama and Mack Family now we are William, McKenzie, Harris and more. We are in Gary Indiana, Bay area California, and Twin Cities Minnesota.

  27. E. Preston Grissom says:

    I have been researching the Taylor family of Chowan and Gates and their connections to the Chowanoacs for more than 20 years. Do you have a citation for the transaction that you referred that is dated September 1733 between James Bennett, et al to Thomas Tailor . . . let to farm . . . 100 acres, etc.

    • Vadinho says:

      My family is from north carolina I have an ancestors named Tom taylor wasn’t sure if he was the son cheif tom taylor that was in the information i was reading online. The tom taylor who is in my lineage is dated being born 1795. Then 1827 i get moses thomas he later has Sallie brown their is a picture of her she would be my great grandmothers mother. I have met my great grandmother personally in Oxford north carolina, we are what now you would consider afro American or negro. When you look at the area where it gives you percentages and I click on the American continent. They give me the Roanoke river area. It even says most afro Americans in my lineage have dna spanning from this area. Although when you look at dna percentages it gives me mostly west african and some european with very low percentages of other countries. I would like get to the truth and compare information if possible, to see if cheif tom taylor is tom taylors son. Please feel free to contact me anytime through email.

  28. Jan Bennett says:

    There is a William Bennett Esq. in the 1790 census of Chowan Co. NC. A William F. Bennett, Esq. had land on Rock Hock, Chowan Co., probated, sold, and account settled between 1829 and 1836 by the Sheriff and Coroner of Chowan Co. My great great great grandfather, William F. Bennett died in 1829 in TN, and the final settlement of his personal effects was in 1836 in Wilson Co., TN. There are no other William F. Bennetts that I can find for those decades other than these two.

    My ancestry DNA confidence level at 90% indicates a tiny portion of African DNA among otherwise European DNA. In reading this history of the Bennett’s Creek area in North Carolina, I was struck by the possibility that my African heritage may reflect a Chowan/African mix from some time in the mid 1600’s to mid 1700’s (which is the predicted time for the injection of the African DNA into my ancestry. The coincidence of the inclusion of the F. in the two names and the exact years involved in the settlement of the two men’s estates makes me wonder if the two William F. Bennetts might not be the same individual. All Bennetts were gone from the Chowan area by 1810 according to the article which is the same time 1808-1814 when William F. shows up in Wilson Co., TN with only a projected birth location of North Carolina. He does not appear to be related to other Bennetts in Wilson County.

    My DNA shows no Native American link – only the African and European. Any thoughts on this?


    • Normandie Kent says:

      If the small percentage of African DNA shows up from 1600-1700, then if you had a Native American ancestor it would show up also, I doubt your African ancestor was admixed with Native American DNA at that early point in time. Most POC families who were trying to pass into white hood, would explain that tanned skin, or any other non-white features were from their ” Native American” ancestors. They would pass these stories on to their descendants who hold on tightly to their ” Native” heritage.

      • A says:

        This isn’t necessarily true. For most people, John and Tabitha are at the 9th or 10th generation. I’m of the opinion John was 1/2 or 1/4 Weyanoke. So his children were anywhere from 3/4 to 1/2, only if Tabitha was Chowan and there’s no proof of that because I’ve not seen where any female descendant of hers has proven themselves to have a North American mtDNA haplogroup. On the other hand, some of John’s male descendants are Q1a3a. So let’s assume their children were 3/4. A 10th generation descent would carry about .097%. Which basically means they’re not going to carry any, and the ones that do might be at most 1%. On the other hand, marriages to men of African descent would’ve come many generations after John and Tabitha, and the African DNA would be much more substantial because it’s more recent and less admixed.

  29. rherrin says:

    What about Thomas Garrett … Did any of his descendents possibly have children with this tribes or his ancestors… Thomas Garrett is in my direct family line ..

  30. Mitchell freeman says:

    My name is Mitchell Freeman, I’m a direct descendant Of John Freeman and Tabitha Hoyter.
    for those In Doubt. This is from My Tree in I also have a tree in drop me a line if your related….Tabitha Freeman, Chowan Native American’s relation to you: Direct ancestor (6 generations)’s aunt

    Here’s how:

    JAMES.P FREEMAN, Jr. is your father. Mitchell Freeman. < me.

    JAMES FREEMAN, Sr. is the father of JAMES.P FREEMAN, Jr.

    William Henry FREEMAN is the father of JAMES FREEMAN, Sr.

    DANIEL FRAZIER FREEMAN is the father of William Henry FREEMAN

    Abner R Freeman is the father of DANIEL FRAZIER FREEMAN

    Aaron Freeman is the father of Abner R Freeman

    Samuel Freeman is the father of Aaron Freeman

    John Freeman is a brother of Samuel Freeman

    Tabitha Freeman, Chowan Native American is the wife of John Freeman

    • Jo SPencer says:

      I am fairly certain that my great great grandfather, Hiram Robbins, was from the Chowan tribe. I have been a genealogist for 20 years and would like to collaborate with others regarding Chowan ancestry. Hiram moved from NC to KY about 1840. Some of the Chowan did have the name Robbins. I have a pic of Malinda Robbins, daughter of Hiram, and sister to my great great grandmother, Mary Ann. Malinda looks like a full blood Indian in the photo.

      • Elaine says:

        Robbins here also. Ransom Robbins (ggg) wife Sara and Jackson Robbins (gg) wife Lucy/Lucille. Can’t find info on Ransom and trying to trace back Robbins to Eastern Band of the Cherokee Nation.

    • shana Daws says:

      I am too =) If I recall correctly they are my 7th great Grandparents. I have a large tree on ancestry, but would love to hear from anyone in regards to this. (My DNA has been tested). I just am the only one in my family that has done the tree, so I don’t know all the stories. I want my children and granddaughter to know who they are, and whom they came from. Hope to hear from any Cousins who can help me. Shana

    • Mark Baker says:

      Tabitha Hoyter and John Freeman are my 8th Great Grandparents.

      • Shanan says:

        Mark do you have a tree up on Ancestry? Was curious how we are related since their my great grandparents too. =)

    • Keith mckee says:

      Tabitha and John freeman are my 5or 6th ggparents

      • mmblock says:

        Yes, John and Tabitha are my 5th-ggrandparents.
        • My Freeman Line
        4th: William
        3rd: McIntyre
        2nd: William
        GGM: Sophia Alice m. Kirby
        G: Marvin Earl Kirby
        Mother: Mae Susan Kirby

        Mary Margaret Block

  31. subseti says:

    Roberta, I don’t know if you are keeping up with the project anymore, but there have been updates at FTDNA. We have never met, but we have “spoken” online regarding a line of Scott families in North Alabama that tested yDNA Q-M3 a few years ago. A cousin tested Big Y recently, and low and behold, we are in the Freeman group! Have a look. Jessie

    • Jo Spencer says:

      Still looking for other Robbins descendants from the Chowan tribe. Being as several of the tribal leaders had this last name seems like my ancestor Haman Robbins was very possibly Chowan. He came from NC to KY about 1840.

  32. Jo Wehling says:

    I am looking for William Keel (or Kiel) descendants from Chowan, NC . William, from whom I am descended, married someone in Chowan about 1720. I have been told I have Cherokee relatives but have not been able to identify whom William married. Does anyone know how I can verify Whom William married?

  33. Audrey Bilsborrow, Sasha's mom says:

    I am doing a report on the Chowananoke and am having a hard time finding images of what their dwellings/homes looked like and really any information on them…I went to the Raleigh Museum of History this weekend for the Native American celebration. I met a Cherokee Chief named John Standing Deer. He said the Chowanoke people are extinct. This is very sad.

    Do you have any information you can share with me? Especially on how they lived because I am trying to build a diorama for my 4th grade project to honor the Chowanoac.

    Thank you,

    • I don’t have any specific information on their houses or villages, but I would suggest that since they are an Algonquian tribe, that you might try to find the historical villages and homes of other nearby Algonquian tribes.

      You might also want to view the paintings of John White who painted the villages, towns and people first found in 1585 during explorations that would result in the Lost Colony being settled, and then lost, on Roanoke Island in what is today North Carolina.

  34. Patricia says:

    Gedmatch A210989

  35. Gale graves says:

    James Bennett is one of my grandfathers

  36. Jill Pana says:

    Reuben Hinton named in this article would be my relative. His mother was Sarah Freeman, daughter of William II Freeman and brother to John Freeman of Chowan County, N. C.(old Indian Neck). George Outlaw would be the 3rd husband of Sarah Freeman. My 1st cousin James Daniel Hinton has taken the FAMILYTREE Y-111DNA test. Robbins are on my DNA match list. I’m not sure if they are the same Robbins as mentioned above. Thank you.

    • Jo Spencer says:

      John Robbins was one of the tribal leaders. I have not yet found a way to trace the Robbins descendants of the Chowan tribe. My gg-grandfather, Hiram Robbins, was in KY by 1840. He gets confused with another man and the family tree information is all over the place (as in many families.) Someone posted a photo of Hiram’s daughter Malinda Jane Robbins, who was the sister of my Mary Ann. In the photo. Malinda looks like a full-blood.

    • John F Speight says:

      Hello again Ms. Pana:
      i believe we have touched base before on the Hinton family. Mary Hinton married Thomas Speight and was sister to Reuben Hinton and aunt to his children per her will. Just today I learned that the father of the John Freeman who married Tabitha was a William Freeman per two deeds in Chowan County Deed Book A No. 1 page 70 and 309. John Freeman’s father William Freeman also has a February 7, 1736 will in Chowan precinct, Albemarle County, North Carolina that names wife Mary and sons John, William, Thomas, Richard, Aaron and Samuel. Walter Draughon, John Freeman, Junr and Thomas Roundtree, Senr witnessed the will. Is your William Freeman related to this group and if so how? Is there anything to connect your William Freeman with a Josiah Freeman who was a son of a William Freeman. This Josiah Freeman was the nephew to a Josiah Speight per his 1782 will. Hope to hear from you soon and have a pleasant day.

      • Lori Freeman Bennett says:

        From what I have found Tabitha Hoyter named one of her daughters Tabitha as well . I found 2 Tabitha Freeman’s and can’t remember Tabitha Freeman #2 married name. Will search for it

  37. mmblock says:

    We must be kin as well. John Freeman and his Native wife Tabitha are my 5thgreat-grandparents. I have many of the same questions about my ancestor surnames Powell, Robbins, Bennett (sp various) and Harrison.

    I am anxious to learn new facts as there is certainly a lot of fiction.

    Best to you,

    Mary Margaret

  38. A says:

    My husband is the great grandson of a George Freeman who fathered his grandfather in Brownwood Texas in 1922. George Freeman is a dead end. There’s no paper trail for him. My husband was fed the Cherokee myth about his grandfather. His DNA of course has no NA. I doubt many Freeman descendants would because it’s past the 10th generation to a full ancestor. He is a DNA match to y haplogroup Q1a3a Freemans who claim descent from Aaron Freeman and Mary Bentley. His DNA is also 5% West African. The lack of paper trail and African DNA makes me wonder if his Freeman ancestor was a female descendant of John and Tabitha or Aaron and Mary, that married a black guy who took the Freeman name.

  39. Vickye Brooks Crocker says:

    Hello My name is Vickye from Oklahoma but lib-bing in VA for over 20 years. I believe that I descended from Sibbell Barnes the mother of April Tikikami Hop Cornstalk. My 6th great grandmother, Hagar, was fathered by James Kirkland Jr. and a Slave woman named Sophie Lard/Foot. This kind of muddles my connection to the Chowan Indians. I would like to take part in the research in order to determine my connection to the tribe once and for all.


  40. James w Bennett II says:

    My name is James w Bennett the II IVE RESEARCHED MY FAMILY AND HAVE TRACED SOME OF MY LINEAGE TO THE CHOWAN PEOPLE ONE OF MY ANSCESTORS WAS NAMED AMOS BENNETT born 1791 in Tenn. But being a history buff and knowing the turbulent times native American faced in those day having to fight change their identities or hide who they were several sources I’ve checked put my 4 generation great grandfather on my father’s side Amos Bennett being listed as on of the young Indian males left at Bennett’s creek between 1800 and 1825 just before the Indian removal act it is possible I could be a descendent of the last chief of the chowan people James b Bennett and would like to volunteer my DNA for testing if it is still being done

  41. Young says:

    I traced my ancestry to John Freeman and Tabitha and believed that I was probably part American Indian. That belief was confirmed by the 23 & Me DNA test which placed my Indian ancestor in the 1700s. Unless somebody else slipped in, Tabitha was an Indian.

  42. Tammy says:

    Don’t give up your search just because you have African dna. I have 1% African and no N.A. dna showing up but related to the Kennison man who was Cherokee. I have a story of N. A. in my family and have found mulatto Freeman families that stop with them. I’m related to George Freeman mulatto of Clay Co Ky. But he is not a slave and was born in North Carolina in 1790. Who was our African? Who was our N.A.? We are equally interested in the two! This gives me hope in my search of our ancestors and from the above article!:

    During a sale of Chowanoke land in 1790, it was written that the Chowanoke men had died, “leaving a parcel of Indian women, which have mixed with Negroes, and now there are several freemen and women of Mixed blood as aforesaid which have descended from the s[ai]d Indians.”
    Now who were these indian women? Who were these Negroes? And who was George Freeman born in North Carolina in 1790? Exslave? Melungeon? Native American? I will not give up this search on my grandma’s line. So if you have any answers email me at

    • jospencer77 says:

      I have lots of information about George Freeman (mulatto) of Clay County, KY. George is assumed to be the son of my white ancestor, Joseph Spencer, by one of his slaves. The story is written about in several history books. Joseph emancipated George (but not his other slaves.) George then lived near my white Spencer ancestors in Clay, Breathitt, and Wolfe County. I will send you an email Tammy.

    • Indica -N- Sativa says:

      The Chowan were Negroid, they were Aborigine, in the time Indian meant Indio i.e Black. Then the men were killed, the women married to white men, a 12yr boy forced to sign deed and sent into bondage. My people from Bennet ended up in Mobile Alabama and called Black by the 1800s.

  43. Keith mckee says:

    John freeman was my 5or 6th ggfather I got the freeman family tree

  44. Doug Beezley says:

    I’m a little late chipping into the discussion. I am the administrator of the Beasley Surname Study and the Beasley YDNA Project at FTDNA. I expect that the use of English surnames in the Native population would be by nearby example. Beasley/Beazley doesn’t come out of thin air. There is an early lineage of Beasleys in Chowan County, but we haven’t had a YDNA test of that lineage. Incidentally, we have not seen the use of the name Charles in this lineage, but that is probably immaterial. I’m interested in the comment late in the article about a Beasley from Texas. I don’t know who that would be or what Haplogroup one would look for. As expected, most Beasleys are in the R haplogroup. We have a few in Haplogroup E and Haplogroup I. One response mentions a GedMatch code. I don’t believe that would be relevant for matches, but perhaps there are some ethnicity predictions. I’d be pleased to engage in any discussion for the Beasley connection.

  45. Sue Mims says:

    My husband appears to be a direct descendent of this Indian chief his ancestors are Freemans hiss name is Johnny Kyle Mims we would be interested in participating in the project if you would like a DNA sample

  46. Indica -N- Sativa says:

    James Bennet is my paternal ancestor

  47. Elizabeth Freeman says:

    There is a book called John Freeman of Norfolk County, Virginia. His Descendants in North Carolina and Virginia and other colonial North Carolina Freeman Families. It was published by Merrill Hill Mosher. It also includes some wills, census, revolutionary war info. Will also mention Freemans that were black. I too am a Decendant from Tabitha and John Freeman. My line is the same as mmblock above for four generations.

    • Lori Freeman Bennett says:

      I’m a decendent as well. My father told me a good bit about his great great grandfather from Norfolk Virginia.

  48. nirre says:

    Etterkommere etter Tabitha Hoyter

    Generasjon nr. 1

    1. TABITHA1 HOYTER ble født 1710 i Albemarle, Stanly, North Carolina, United States, og døde i Chowan, North Carolina, United States. Hun giftet seg med JOHN FREEMAN. Han ble født 1695 i Norfolk, Norfolk, Virginia, United States, og døde 30.04.1776 i Chowan, North Carolina, United States.

    2. i. JOHN2 FREEMAN, f. 1718, Chowan, North Carolina, United States; d. 07.12.1784, Bertie, North Carolina, United States.

    Generasjon nr. 2

    2. JOHN2 FREEMAN (TABITHA1 HOYTER) ble født 1718 i Chowan, North Carolina, United States, og døde 07.12.1784 i Bertie, North Carolina, United States. Han giftet seg med SARAH OUTLAW, datter av EDWARD OUTLAW og ANNE IVEY. Hun ble født 1722 i Norfolk, Norfolk, Virginia, United States, og døde i Bertie, North Carolina, United States.

    3. i. AARON3 FREEMAN, f. 1745, Chowan, North Carolina, United States; d. 1825, Buncombe, North Carolina, United States.
    ii. SOLOMON FREEMAN, f. 1738, Chowan, North Carolina, United States; d. 23.04.1788, Bertie, North Carolina, United States.
    iii. ELIZABETH FREEMAN, f. 1739, Chowan, North Carolina, United States; d. 1839.
    iv. ELISHA FREEMAN, f. 1741, Chowan, North Carolina, United States; d. 1793.
    v. JOHN FREEMAN, f. 1742, Chowan, North Carolina, United States; d. 1772, Rowan, North Carolina, United States.

    Generasjon nr. 3

    3. AARON3 FREEMAN (JOHN2, TABITHA1 HOYTER) ble født 1745 i Chowan, North Carolina, United States, og døde 1825 i Buncombe, North Carolina, United States. Han giftet seg med MARY BENTLEY, datter av THOMAS BENTLEY og HANNA BEASLEY. Hun ble født 1749 i Rowan, North Carolina, United States, og døde 1831 i Buncombe, North Carolina, United States.

    4. i. JOSHUA4 FREEMAN, f. 1770, Rowan, North Carolina, United States; d. 1855, North Carolina, United States.
    ii. JESSE FREEMAN, f. 1772, Rowan, North Carolina, United States; d. 1845, Burke, North Carolina, United States.
    iii. MOSES FREEMAN, f. 14.09.1774, Irendall County, Wilkes, North Carolina, United States; d. 18.01.1859, Madison, North Carolina, United States.
    5. iv. THOMAS FREEMAN, f. 1777, Rowan, North Carolina, United States; d. 1865, Madison, North Carolina, United States.
    v. ISAAC FREEMAN, f. 1780, Iredell, North Carolina, United States; d. 03.09.1813, Craven, North Carolina, United States.
    vi. AARON POSEY F, f. 1782, Iredell, North Carolina, United States; d. 03.11.1861, Topaz, Douglas, Missouri, United States.
    vii. MARTHA FREEMAN, f. 1784, Iredell, North Carolina, United States; d. Douglas, Missouri, United States.
    viii. JAMES FREEMAN, f. 1786, Iredell, North Carolina, United States; d. 1860.
    ix. JOHN FREEMAN, f. 1793, Iredell, North Carolina, United States; d. 1870, Sprucepine, Yancey, North Carolina, United States.
    6. x. AARON POSEY FREEMAN, f. 1783, Iredell Co North Carolina Usa; d. 03.11.1861, Douglas Co Missouri Usa.

    Generasjon nr. 4

    4. JOSHUA4 FREEMAN (AARON3, JOHN2, TABITHA1 HOYTER) ble født 1770 i Rowan, North Carolina, United States, og døde 1855 i North Carolina, United States. Han giftet seg med MARY ANN PIPKIN 11.02.1793 i Gates, Gates, North Carolina, United States. Hun ble født 1775 i Gates, Gates, North Carolina, United States, og døde 1818 i Gates, Gates, North Carolina, United States.

    7. i. JANE BARNETT5 FREEMAN, f. North Carolina Usa.

    5. THOMAS4 FREEMAN (AARON3, JOHN2, TABITHA1 HOYTER) ble født 1777 i Rowan, North Carolina, United States, og døde 1865 i Madison, North Carolina, United States. Han giftet seg med CATHERINE HARNBERBER.

    8. i. MARY CATHERINE5 FREEMAN, f. 08.03.1824; d. 07.05.1881.

    6. AARON POSEY4 FREEMAN (AARON3, JOHN2, TABITHA1 HOYTER) ble født 1783 i Iredell Co North Carolina Usa, og døde 03.11.1861 i Douglas Co Missouri Usa. Han giftet seg med ALABETH BALL. Hun ble født 1787 i Surrey Co North Carolina Usa, og døde 02.1862 i Douglas Co Missouri Usa.

    9. i. SAMUEL POSEY5 FREEMAN, f. 1820, Bruncombe Co North Carolina Usa; d. 1874, Topaz Douglas Co Missouri Usa.

    Generasjon nr. 5

    7. JANE BARNETT5 FREEMAN (JOSHUA4, AARON3, JOHN2, TABITHA1 HOYTER) ble født i North Carolina Usa. Hun giftet seg med CHRISTIAN SARGENT MESSER 24.02.1835 i Haywood North Carolina Usa, sønn av ROBERT MESSER og MARY. Han ble født 1760 i Orange Co. North Carolina Usa, og døde 1850 i Haywood Co. North Carolina Usa.

    10. i. JOHN6 MESSER, f. 1804, Haywood Co. North Carolina Usa; d. mel. 1847 – 1850, Haywood Co. North Carolina Usa.
    11. ii. SOLOMON MESSER, f. 1765, Lincoln Co North Carolina Usa; d. 11.10.1824, Scotts Creek,Jackson Co.North Carolina Usa.

    8. MARY CATHERINE5 FREEMAN (THOMAS4, AARON3, JOHN2, TABITHA1 HOYTER) ble født 08.03.1824, og døde 07.05.1881. Hun giftet seg med ROBERT STINSON TISINGER, sønn av GEORGIA TISINGER og MELINDA MATTEAUUER. Han ble født 30.12.1825, og døde 27.03.1882.

    i. MARY ELIZA6 TISINGER, f. 24.01.1851, Georgia Usa; d. 17.06.1925, Spalding Co Georgia Usa; g. JOHN ALLEN MALLORY, 26.01.1871, Upson County Georgia Usa; f. 22.11.1847, Upson County Georgia Usa; d. 16.08.1920.
    12. ii. JAMES STINSON TISINGER, f. 25.11.1852, Georgia Usa; d. 24.03.1931, Upson County Georgia Usa.

    9. SAMUEL POSEY5 FREEMAN (AARON POSEY4, AARON3, JOHN2, TABITHA1 HOYTER) ble født 1820 i Bruncombe Co North Carolina Usa, og døde 1874 i Topaz Douglas Co Missouri Usa. Han giftet seg med CELIA CAPPS. Hun ble født 1828 i Grainger co Tennessee Usa, og døde 1858 i Douglas Co Missouri Usa.

    13. i. AARON COLUMBUS6 FREEMAN, f. 25.12.1855, Douglas Co Missouri Usa; d. 29.03.1929, Harviell Butler Co Missouri Usa.

    Generasjon nr. 6

    10. JOHN6 MESSER (JANE BARNETT5 FREEMAN, JOSHUA4, AARON3, JOHN2, TABITHA1 HOYTER) ble født 1804 i Haywood Co. North Carolina Usa, og døde mel. 1847 – 1850 i Haywood Co. North Carolina Usa. Han giftet seg med REBECCA MARTIN 1823, datter av JAMES MARTIN. Hun ble født 1804 i North Carolina Usa, og døde 1860 i North Carolina Usa.

    14. i. ELIZABETH7 MESSER, f. 04.01.1832, Haywood County, North Carolina Usa; d. ett. 1900.
    15. ii. LAWSON T. MESSER, f. 02.02.1837, Fines Creek, Haywood County, North Carolina, USA; d. 04.06.1930, Clyde, Haywood County, North Carolina, USA.

    11. SOLOMON6 MESSER (JANE BARNETT5 FREEMAN, JOSHUA4, AARON3, JOHN2, TABITHA1 HOYTER) ble født 1765 i Lincoln Co North Carolina Usa, og døde 11.10.1824 i Scotts Creek,Jackson Co.North Carolina Usa. Han giftet seg med RACHEL ADAMS 1796 i Lincoln Co North Carolina Usa. Hun ble født 1783 i Lincoln Co., North Carolina Usa, og døde 1840 i Jackson County North Carolina Usa.

    16. i. SARAH7 MESSER, f. 1797.
    ii. NANCY JANE MESSER, f. 1799; d. 1841, Jackson Co. North Carolina Usa; g. (1) JAMES HOLLAND TURPIN; f. 1803, Franklin Co.Georgia Usa; d. mel. 1876 – 1880, Jackson Co North Carolina Usa; g. (2) COLLIN HERRIN, 04.03.1817; f. 1799, North Carolina Usa.
    iii. ELIZABETH MESSER, f. 1801; g. JACOB CLINE, 02.02.1823, Haywood Co.North Carolina Usa; f. 1801.
    iv. ANNIE MESSER, f. 1804, Haywood Co. North Carolina Usa; g. JAMES C. CRAWFORD, 05.03.1823, Haywood Co.North Carolina Usa; f. 1793.
    v. JOSEPH A. MESSER, f. 1804, Haywood, Co.North Carolina Usa; g. NANCY ENSELY; f. 1828, North Carolina Usa.
    vi. MARGARET MESSER, f. 1809, Haywood Co. North Carolina Usa.
    vii. NANCY JANE MESSER, f. 1811.
    17. viii. SOLOMON MESSER, f. 1812, Scotts Creek Jackson Co.North Carolina Usa; d. 1896, Jackson Co North Carolina Usa.
    ix. JOHN HENRY MESSER, f. 12.04.1818, Dillsboro, Jackson Co. North Carolina Usa; d. 22.02.1894, Whitter, Jackson Co. North Carolina Usa; g. CATHRINE SUTTON, 09.11.1851, Macon, Co. North Carolina Usa; f. 09.1831, Macon, Co. North Carolina Usa; d. 12.01.1908, Whitter, Jackson Co. North Carolina Usa.

    12. JAMES STINSON6 TISINGER (MARY CATHERINE5 FREEMAN, THOMAS4, AARON3, JOHN2, TABITHA1 HOYTER) ble født 25.11.1852 i Georgia Usa, og døde 24.03.1931 i Upson County Georgia Usa. Han giftet seg med (1) SUSAN A FREEMAN, datter av MITCHELL FREEMAN og AVA NOELL. Hun ble født 24.12.1854 i Georgia Usa, og døde 01.02.1936 i Upson County Georgia Usa. Han giftet seg med (2) MARY ADELLA PAYNE 26.10.1881 i Upson County Georgia Usa. Hun ble født 26.10.1855, og døde 15.07.1888 i Upson County Georgia Usa.

    i. LEONARD LIVINGSTON7 TISINGER, f. 07.05.1891; d. 12.1967; g. RHEUNETTE R; f. 06.10.1891; d. 31.12.1949.
    18. ii. WILLIAM PERRY TISINGER, f. 12.01.1893; d. 03.11.1954.

    13. AARON COLUMBUS6 FREEMAN (SAMUEL POSEY5, AARON POSEY4, AARON3, JOHN2, TABITHA1 HOYTER) ble født 25.12.1855 i Douglas Co Missouri Usa, og døde 29.03.1929 i Harviell Butler Co Missouri Usa. Han giftet seg med SINTHEAN JANE POTTS. Hun ble født 15.03.1852 i Wayne Co Missouri Usa, og døde 08.01.1918 i Ripley Co Missouri Usa.

    19. i. ANDREW J7 FREEMAN, f. 08.01.1892, Missouri Usa; d. 11.12.1949, Poplar Bluff Butler Co Missouri Usa.

    Generasjon nr. 7

    14. ELIZABETH7 MESSER (JOHN6, JANE BARNETT5 FREEMAN, JOSHUA4, AARON3, JOHN2, TABITHA1 HOYTER) ble født 04.01.1832 i Haywood County, North Carolina Usa, og døde ett. 1900. Hun giftet seg med JACKSON MARION GREENE 1850 i Haywood Co North Carolina Usa, sønn av JEREMIAH GREENE og KATHERINE HAGAMAN. Han ble født 04.05.1833 i Haywood County, North Carolina Usa, og døde 07.02.1910 i Sevierville County, Tennessee Usa.

    i. MARY JANE8 GREEN, f. 02.05.1852.
    ii. WILLIAM LEON GREEN, f. 10.09.1854.
    iii. JOHN HENRY GREEN, f. 28.06.1855.
    iv. REBECCA CATHRINE GREENE, f. 04.08.1856, Haywood North Carolina Usa; d. 05.04.1940, Crabtree, Haywood, North Carolina Usa; g. JAMES RUSSELL.
    v. JAMES M. GREEN, f. 05.08.1860.
    vi. GEORGE W. GREEN, f. 23.06.1862.
    vii. ROBERT RILEY GREEN, f. 07.01.1865.
    viii. MILAS L. GREEN, f. 07.02.1867.
    ix. MILLY GREEN, f. 07.02.1867.
    x. JOESPH GREEN, f. 09.03.1869.
    xi. FELIX GREEN, f. 08.03.1872.
    xii. LUCINDA GREEN, f. 07.02.1874.
    20. xiii. HOWARD GREENE, f. 30.04.1878, Fines Creek, Haywood County, North Carolina Usa; d. 08.10.1950, Sevier County, Tennessee Usa.

    15. LAWSON T.7 MESSER (JOHN6, JANE BARNETT5 FREEMAN, JOSHUA4, AARON3, JOHN2, TABITHA1 HOYTER) ble født 02.02.1837 i Fines Creek, Haywood County, North Carolina, USA, og døde 04.06.1930 i Clyde, Haywood County, North Carolina, USA. Han giftet seg med NANCY AVALINE SMITH 18.10.1856 i Haywood County, North Carolina, USA, datter av HENRY SMITH og CATHERINE CARVER. Hun ble født 16.01.1839 i Fines Creek, Haywood County, North Carolina, USA, og døde 03.02.1917 i White Oak, Haywood, North Carolina, USA.

    21. i. WILLIAM AUSTIN8 MESSER, f. 30.11.1860, Fines Creek, Haywood County, North Carolina, USA; d. 05.05.1946, Cove Creek, Haywood County, North Carolina, USA.

    16. SARAH7 MESSER (SOLOMON6, JANE BARNETT5 FREEMAN, JOSHUA4, AARON3, JOHN2, TABITHA1 HOYTER) ble født 1797. Hun giftet seg med JOHN GARLAND GIBSON 08.01.1814 i Haywood North Carolina Usa. Han ble født 1791, og døde 1850.

    i. RACHEL8 GIBSON, f. 1828, Haywood Co. North Carolina Usa; g. WILLIAM HENRY CONNER, 1847; f. 27.04.1827.

    17. SOLOMON7 MESSER (SOLOMON6, JANE BARNETT5 FREEMAN, JOSHUA4, AARON3, JOHN2, TABITHA1 HOYTER) ble født 1812 i Scotts Creek Jackson Co.North Carolina Usa, og døde 1896 i Jackson Co North Carolina Usa.

    Barn av SOLOMON MESSER er:
    i. JOHN8 MESSER.

    18. WILLIAM PERRY7 TISINGER (JAMES STINSON6, MARY CATHERINE5 FREEMAN, THOMAS4, AARON3, JOHN2, TABITHA1 HOYTER) ble født 12.01.1893, og døde 03.11.1954. Han giftet seg med LEXIE JONES. Hun ble født 29.11.1892, og døde 11.07.2003.

    i. ROYCE STANLEY8 TISINGER, f. 04.09.1917, Thomaston Upson County Georgia Usa; d. 10.09.2003, Wilmington New Hanover Co North Carolina Usa; g. RUTH LITTLEJOHN; f. 02.10.1919, Columbia Richland South Carolina Usa; d. 06.10.1993, Wilmington New Hanover Co North Carolina Usa.

    19. ANDREW J7 FREEMAN (AARON COLUMBUS6, SAMUEL POSEY5, AARON POSEY4, AARON3, JOHN2, TABITHA1 HOYTER) ble født 08.01.1892 i Missouri Usa, og døde 11.12.1949 i Poplar Bluff Butler Co Missouri Usa. Han giftet seg med MATTIE LEE HUDSON. Hun ble født 07.09.1903 i McCracken Co Kentucky Usa, og døde 11.12.1949 i Poplar Bluff Butler Co Missouri Usa.

    i. CLYDE CHESTINE8 FREEMAN, f. 14.01.1924, Poplar Bluff Butler Co Missouri Usa; d. 11.02.1990, St Louis City Missouri Usa; g. CLARA ELEAANOR ELIZABETH MARTIN; f. 11.02.1931, Huston Co Texas Usa.

    Generasjon nr. 8

    20. HOWARD8 GREENE (ELIZABETH7 MESSER, JOHN6, JANE BARNETT5 FREEMAN, JOSHUA4, AARON3, JOHN2, TABITHA1 HOYTER) ble født 30.04.1878 i Fines Creek, Haywood County, North Carolina Usa, og døde 08.10.1950 i Sevier County, Tennessee Usa. Han giftet seg med CALLIE MARY WHITTED, datter av FRED WHITTED og LIZZIE LUNSFORD. Hun ble født 10.10.1913 i Person, North Carolina Usa, og døde 16.08.1984 i Durham, Durham, North Carolina Usa.

    i. RALPH9 GREEN, f. 12.07.1924, Tennesse Usa; d. 26.12.1925, Sevier County, Tennessee Usa.
    ii. VIOLET GREEN, f. 1920, Sevier, Tennessee Usa; d. 03.07.1932, Sevier County, Tennessee Usa.
    iii. ROY GREEN, f. 1914, Tennesse Usa; d. 11.01.1932, Sevierville, Sevier, Tennessee Usa.
    22. iv. JESSIE WILLIAM GREEN, f. 06.09.1900, Pittman Center, Tennessee, USA; d. 08.09.1952, Greenback, Loudon, Tennessee Usa.

    21. WILLIAM AUSTIN8 MESSER (LAWSON T.7, JOHN6, JANE BARNETT5 FREEMAN, JOSHUA4, AARON3, JOHN2, TABITHA1 HOYTER) ble født 30.11.1860 i Fines Creek, Haywood County, North Carolina, USA, og døde 05.05.1946 i Cove Creek, Haywood County, North Carolina, USA. Han giftet seg med MARGARET JANE CLARK 04.10.1880 i Fines Creek, Haywood County, North Carolina, USA. Hun ble født 11.03.1861 i Fines Creek, Haywood County, North Carolina, USA, og døde 04.10.1905 i Fines Creek, Haywood County, North Carolina, USA.

    23. i. FRANCES B9 MESSER, f. 26.08.1894, White Oak, Haywood, North Carolina, USA; d. 07.02.1972, Waynesville, Haywood County, North Carolina, USA.

    Generasjon nr. 9

    22. JESSIE WILLIAM9 GREEN (HOWARD8 GREENE, ELIZABETH7 MESSER, JOHN6, JANE BARNETT5 FREEMAN, JOSHUA4, AARON3, JOHN2, TABITHA1 HOYTER) ble født 06.09.1900 i Pittman Center, Tennessee, USA, og døde 08.09.1952 i Greenback, Loudon, Tennessee Usa. Han giftet seg med (1) BERTHA FRANCIS MARTIN. Hun ble født i Little Rock, Arkansas Usa. Han giftet seg med (2) ANNA LEONA FRAZIER 05.09.1920 i Tennessee Usa, datter av JAMES FRAZIER og SALLIE GREEN. Hun ble født 22.06.1902 i Tennessee Usa, og døde 07.05.1990 i Seymour, Sevier, Tennessee, USA.

    i. CLARA10 GREEN, f. 21.04.1927, Memphis, Tennessee Usa; d. 02.05.1946, Memphis, Shelby, Tennessee Usa; g. ROBERT COX.

    23. FRANCES B9 MESSER (WILLIAM AUSTIN8, LAWSON T.7, JOHN6, JANE BARNETT5 FREEMAN, JOSHUA4, AARON3, JOHN2, TABITHA1 HOYTER) ble født 26.08.1894 i White Oak, Haywood, North Carolina, USA, og døde 07.02.1972 i Waynesville, Haywood County, North Carolina, USA. Hun giftet seg med CARMEL OPHIS HOWELL 1911 i Haywood County, North Carolina, USA, sønn av JOHN HOWELL og LOUISE DAVIS. Han ble født 12.07.1893 i Jonathan Creek, Haywood, North Carolina Usa, og døde 17.06.1927 i Jonathan Creek, Haywood, North Carolina Usa.

    24. i. FANNIE MARGARET10 HOWELL, f. 10.02.1925, Jonathans Creek, Haywood, North Carolina, USA; d. 12.03.2001, Asheboro, Randolph, North Carolina, USA.

    Generasjon nr. 10

    24. FANNIE MARGARET10 HOWELL (FRANCES B9 MESSER, WILLIAM AUSTIN8, LAWSON T.7, JOHN6, JANE BARNETT5 FREEMAN, JOSHUA4, AARON3, JOHN2, TABITHA1 HOYTER) ble født 10.02.1925 i Jonathans Creek, Haywood, North Carolina, USA, og døde 12.03.2001 i Asheboro, Randolph, North Carolina, USA. Hun giftet seg med MAX DALLAS POLLARD 08.03.1941 i Cocke County, Tennessee, USA, sønn av WILLIAM POLLARD og EVA LEWALLEN. Han ble født 11.08.1919 i Morgan Co Tennesee Usa, og døde 09.11.2006 i Pinehurst, Moore, North Carolina, USA.

    i. CARMEL MAX11 POLLARD, f. 06.01.1944, Haywood County, North Carolina, USA; d. 16.09.2000, West Jordan, Salt Lake, Utah, USA.

  49. Jessica Hardy Dean says:

    My name is Jessica Hardy. Chief Thomas Hoyter is my 8th gr grandfather. I submitted my raw DNA to GEDMatch today, kit # XK5170407

    • Larry Berry says:

      Hey there cuz,….I’m still trying to figure out the DNA stuff, but according to what I’ve found, Chief Thomas Hoyter is my 7th gr grandfather. 🙂 We gotta be related….

  50. Lori Freeman Bennett says:

    Many years it’s taken me to go threw tons of info. From family to ancestry , court house records old marriages and births. John Freeman married Tabitha Hoyter. I’m believed to be a decendent.


    Good day my name is Ken Robbins and I have been trying to get more information on my family’s background and the connection between the Chowanoke and other tribes related to the North Carolina area. I have only been able to go back to my grandfather Charles Robbins born in North Carolina(either Gates or Bertie county) in 1887.My father Charles Robbins( born 1915 in Lackawanna, N.Y.) often spoke of our Native heritage but while he or his other siblings were alive there was no further checking on my part to trace back ancestry. I have checked different ancestry sites and did My Ancestry but unable to further develop family tree because I have no idea of what city in North Carolina grandfather was born. I do know he and my dad(and siblings) were listed as “mulato” on most census. Any help or pointing in the right direction would be helpful

  52. abenamckenzie32 says:

    Hello, I am a descendant of Chief James Bennett by his son Josiah Bennett, and his daughter Elizabeth Bennett, and my Grandmother Mable Bennett McKenzie. This is a very sad History of the Aniahlation of the Chowan Tribe. How do the Descendants recieve Justice?

  53. Kimberly Moorehead says:

    I have been tracing my family tree for 3+ years. I recently stumbled upon a group of ancestors with the surnames Barnes and Odom, who have some connection to the native Americans in this area. There is a link to Moses Emporer Moytoy Odom and Aganunitisis Quatsis who was married to a Richard Anthony Barnes AKA “Shawnee Warrior”. Everyone seems to have ties to Chowan County and most of the children have native American names but there are a lot of broken links, aliases, and pieces that I am having a difficult time trying to put together. I don’t know if they were just affiliated with the tribe or actually native american. My daughters and myself have had our DNA tested but im not really sure if it will be helpful in this situation. Can anyone PLEASE offer any direction or information? Thank you!!

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