Jay Hansford C. Vest wrote an article which was published in 2003 titled From Nansemond to Monacon: The Legacy of the Pochick-Nansemond among the Bear Mountain Monacon (American Indian Quarterly, Summer/Fall 2003, Vol 21, No 3 and 4).
The article discusses in depth the history of the Pochick-Nansemond band of the Monicans, also called “Issues”, “Brown People” and mulattoes. By 1685, the Iroquois were harassing the Monacon, and by 1714, the Monacon were among the people at Fort Christanna. Following the closure of Fort Christanna, this particular band apparently moved to what is now Rockbridge and Amherst Counties. The only evidence of this is that Thomas Jefferson described “Indian mourners” coming to visit an Indian grave near Monticello in Albemarle Co., Va.
Genealogical evidence of this Monacan connection to Fort Christanna is evident in some of the surnames as well as the surnames of several well-known traders. The Native people had to take their surnames from someplace. Land patents adjoining the Saponi Fort include Urvine (Irvine), Turner, Floyd and West (Vest). Trader names include Beverly, Irwin (Irvin), Hicks (Hix) and Jones (Johns).
The next connection we have is a will from John Bias of Amherst Co., to his natural son Obadiah Knuckles, August 1835. It is believed that this John Bias is a member of the Native Bass family. Obadiah Knuckles was on the original Monacon tribal rolls and married Belinda Gue and secondly, Susan Johns, daughter of Tartleton Johns and Elizabeth Redcross Johns. This document, as well as others, identifies Obadiah Knuckles as the biological son of John Bias. Today, were one of the Knuckles males to take a DNA test, we would expect that they might well match a Bass.
Peter Houck in Indian Indians in Amherst County tells us about interviews conducted among the Bear Mountain people, “Following…Johns, Branham and Redcross…there were numerous other people with different names, who arrived in the community over the next 150 years, Beverly, Clark, Adcock, Terry, Nuckles, Hicks, Hamilton, Lawhorne, Penn, Lawless and Roberts are recognizable surnames but there were others.”
Interestingly enough, we find many people with these same surnames registering in the WWI draft in 1917/1918 as Indians.