Author Archives: robertajestes

About robertajestes

Scientist, author, genetic genealogist. Documenting Native Heritage through contemporaneous records and DNA.

Nathaniel Bezzelle, Bissell, Indian

On the Norfolk County, Virginia, Register of Free Negroes and Mulattoes in 1851, Nathan Bissell, is listed as #1629, 23 years, 5 ft 4 inches, Indian complexion, Indian descent, April 22, 1851. In the 1860 Census of Norfolk County, Virginia, … Continue reading

Posted in North Carolina, Virginia | Leave a comment

Pamunkey Petition 1893

From “Pamunkey Indians of Virginia” (1894), John G. Pollard (Online): https://archive.org/details/pamunkeyindians00goog Transcription: The Pamunkey, as a tribe, are neither handsome nor homely, long nor short, stout nor slim, in fact they differ among themselves in these respects to the same … Continue reading

Posted in Pamunkey | 1 Comment

Certain Aboriginal Mounds of the Georgia Coast

You can read this book online or download it free at: https://archive.org/details/georgiacoastmoor00moorrich    

Posted in Anthropology, Archaeology, Archaic Indians | Leave a comment

Indian Slaves, New Kent County, VA 1722-1726

St. Peter’s Parish was located in New Kent County, Virginia.  Parish records exist from 1680-1787 and in those records, three Indians were mentioned. Page 52 – Indian Will a slave belonging to Mr. Ebener Adams dyed October 18, 1723 Page … Continue reading

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New Native American Mitochondrial DNA Haplogroup, A4, Discovered

The genetic community continues to learn more about the genesis of our Native ancestors.  A couple of years ago, I suspected that a maternal DNA haplogroup, or clan, that had previously been designated as Asian was found both in European … Continue reading

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Chiskoyack Indians of Goucester County, VA

A reader sent these two images of a 1655 transaction in Goucester Co. VA – one of which is transcribed.  Interestingly, I have never run across this tribe or the reference to the Chiskoyack before. Hat tip to Tommy for this information.

Posted in Chiskoyack, Virginia | 5 Comments

Sophia Williams Estes (1849-1928) – Native American Woman

Sophia Williams Estes In 2006, Onor Goin was a critically ill man, on dialysis, when the Dallas morning news wrote a story about Onor, known as Bouncer, and his family. Bouncer’s family was typical of a Native American family whose … Continue reading

Posted in Cherokee | 5 Comments