Author Archives: robertajestes

About robertajestes

Scientist, author, genetic genealogist. Documenting Native Heritage through contemporaneous records and DNA.

Eugenics as Indian Removal: Sociohistorical Processes and the De(con)struction of American Indians in the Southeast

One century after “The Indian Removal” of the antebellum era, Native peoples in the American Southeast provide an important but often overlooked example of how racial policies, this time rooted in eugenics, led to a documentary erasure of Indians as … Continue reading

Posted in Eugenics, National Museum of the American Indian | 3 Comments

1837 Treaty with the Choctaw and Chickasaw

Jan. 17, 1837. | 11 Stats., 573. | Proclamation Mar. 24, 1837. Page 486 Articles of convention and agreement made on the seventeenth day of January, 1837, between the undersigned chiefs and commissioners duly appointed and empowered by the Choctaw … Continue reading

Posted in Chickasaw, Choctaw | 1 Comment

The Croatan Indians of Sampson County, North Carolina. Their Origin and Racial Status. A Plea for Separate Schools.

In 1916, the Croatan Indians of Sampson County issued a plea for an Indian School for their children as had been provided in Robeson County.  This document is preserved today in the Documenting the American South collection, and includes significant … Continue reading

Posted in Croatan (Later Lumbee), Indians of Robeson County (later Lumbee), Indians of Sampson County | Leave a comment

Finding Your American Indian Tribe Using DNA

If I had a dollar for every time I get asked a flavor of this question, I’d be on a cruise someplace warm instead of writing this in the still-blustery cold winter weather of the northlands! So, I’m going to write … Continue reading

Posted in DNA | 5 Comments

Nathaniel Bezzelle, Bissell, Indian

On the Norfolk County, Virginia, Register of Free Negroes and Mulattoes in 1851, Nathan Bissell, is listed as #1629, 23 years, 5 ft 4 inches, Indian complexion, Indian descent, April 22, 1851. In the 1860 Census of Norfolk County, Virginia, … Continue reading

Posted in North Carolina, Virginia | Leave a comment

Pamunkey Petition 1893

From “Pamunkey Indians of Virginia” (1894), John G. Pollard (Online): https://archive.org/details/pamunkeyindians00goog Transcription: The Pamunkey, as a tribe, are neither handsome nor homely, long nor short, stout nor slim, in fact they differ among themselves in these respects to the same … Continue reading

Posted in Pamunkey | 1 Comment

Certain Aboriginal Mounds of the Georgia Coast

You can read this book online or download it free at: https://archive.org/details/georgiacoastmoor00moorrich    

Posted in Anthropology, Archaeology, Archaic Indians | Leave a comment