South Carolina Indian Traders 1750-1754

The study of traders is important to the study of Native American tribes and ancestors.  Most, if not all, traders established Native relationships, and by that, I mean marital or intimate relationships.  What that means, exactly, depends on the culture and time times.  It can mean anything from the Native cultural tradition of providing guests with a bedpartner for the night to traders who virtually forsook the white world and lived exclusively with the Native people when they weren’t back east trading their wares.

What this means to us today is that it’s very likely to find Native people who would carry the DNA of traders.  This of course has nothing to do with their “Nativeness,” because at that time in history, the Native people made no distinction between fully Native and half Native and half white.  You were what your mother was, and that was Native.  Therefore, it would not be surprising to find Native people, enrolled or not enrolled in Federally recognized tribes, that if they were to test their Y DNA, would carry the DNA of traders, even though today their surname might be something entirely unrelated.

I found a list of traders in two locations, here and here.

The source for the traders is the “Colonial Records of South Carolina: Documents Relating to Indian Affairs 1750-1754” by William McDowell.  Of course, there were traders from Virginia beginning in the 1600s, and from NC after that.  These SC traders are a drop in the bucket, but still, we do have some compiled names, which is more than we have from Virginia or NC

The second link provides additional information, where known, about the traders.

Associated Trader profiles and genealogy information are found here.

This article describes the vast interrelationships of family and politics of traders and Native people.

Traders to the Catawbas

  • Robert Steel
  • Robert Tool
  • Mathew Toole

Licensed Traders to the Cherokee from Carolina

  • James Adair
  • The Augusta Company
  • James Baldridg
  • Charles Banks
  • William Bates
  • James and Thomas Beamer
  • Samuel Benn
  • Robert Bunning
  • John Butler
  • Cornelius Daugherty
  • Anthony Dean
  • David Dowey
  • John Downing
  • John Elliott
  • Robert Emory
  • Robert Goudy
  • Ludowick Grant
  • ? Haines
  • John Hatton
  • John Hook
  • Bernard Hughs
  • Bob and John Kelly
  • Anthony L’Antignac
  • John McCord
  • David McDaniel
  • David McDonald
  • William McDowel
  • James Mackie
  • William McTeer
  • James Maxwell
  • James May
  • Daniel Murphy
  • Joseph Oliver
  • Bryan Sallamon
  • Abraham Smith
  • Richard Smith
  • John Williams

Carolina Traders to the Chickasaw

  • John Buckles
  • John Campbell
  • Cambell and Maccartan
  • Jeromy Courtonne
  • Courtonne and Brown
  • John Highrider
  • Robert Vaughan

Carolina Traders to the Choctaw

  • John Buckles
  • John Nellson

Licensed Traders to the Creeks from Carolina

  • Ephraim Alexander
  • The Augusta Company
  • Isaac Barksdale
  • ? Brown
  • Patrick Brown
  • Rae Brown and Company
  • Nicholas Chinery
  • Daniel Clark
  • John Coller
  • ? Cossens
  • Samuel Elsinore
  • John Eycott
  • ? Fitz
  • Stephen Forrest
  • George Galphin
  • James Hewitt
  • George Johnston
  • John Kennard
  • John Ladson
  • ? McCay
  • Lachland McGillvery
  • George McKay
  • Lachlan Mackintosh
  • Alexander McQueen
  • Timothy Millin
  • ? Nowley
  • Moses Nunes
  • John Pettycrew
  • John Rae
  • Peter Randle
  • Walter Rode
  • Acton Rowley
  • William Sludders
  • John Spencer
  • Joseph Wright

Traders to the Savannahs

  • Enoch Anderson
  • Richard  Anderson
  • William Anderson
  • John Anderson
  • ? McKinnie

Interpreters of Various Indian Groups (1750-1754)

  • Mary Bosomworth, a Creek woman married to a colonist.
  • ?  Brannan
  • Edward Broadway
  • Robert Bunning
  • James Gaddes
  • James Germany
  • Mr. ? Kelloch
  • Joseph O’Connor
  • Aaron Stevens
  • Samuel Thomas
  • William  Thompson
  • ? Wiggan

This list is also not exhaustive, as I’m aware of several early Virginia traders whose names are absent here.  Please feel free to add names of traders along with sources in the comments.

Hat tip to Elaine for this link.

About these ads

About robertajestes

Scientist, author, genetic genealogist. Documenting Native Heritage through contemporaneous records and DNA.
This entry was posted in Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, Savannah, Traders. Bookmark the permalink.

One Response to South Carolina Indian Traders 1750-1754

  1. Rhonda says:

    The upstate of SC had several native families that remained in the area even during the time of forced removal. I assume one reason they were not targeted is because they were mixed-blood and continued to intermarry with whites in the community. One thing is for sure, there is much needed research still to be done on these families in this area of SC ! Here are some more family names that are connected to upstate Cherokee families.
    http://www.cherokeesofsouthcarolina.com/about.html

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s